Community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection and Australian food animals

Michelle M. Squire, Dan R. Knight, Thomas V. Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)


Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic Gram positive spore-forming bacterium, the leading cause of infectious diarrhoea (C. difficile infection; CDI) in hospitalised humans. The assumption that CDI is primarily a hospital-acquired infection is being questioned. Community-acquired CDI (CA-CDI) is increasing(1) particularly in groups previously considered at low risk(2,3). In Australia, CA-CDI rates doubled during 2011 and increased by 24% between 2011 and 2012(4). Two potentially high-risk practices in Australian food animal husbandry may present a risk for CA-CDI: slaughtering of neonatal animals for food, and effluent recycling to agriculture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-113
Number of pages3
JournalMicrobiology Australia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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