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Background: Cardiovascular and metabolic regulation is governed by neurohumoral signalling in relevant organs such as kidney, liver, pancreas, duodenum, adipose tissue, and skeletal muscle. Combined targeting of relevant neural outflows may provide a unique therapeutic opportunity for cardiometabolic disease. Objectives: We aimed to investigate the feasibility, safety, and performance of a novel device-based approach for multi-organ denervation in a swine model over 30 and 90 days of follow-up. Methods: Five Yorkshire cross pigs underwent combined percutaneous denervation in the renal arteries and the common hepatic artery (CHA) with the iRF Denervation System. Control animals (n = 3) were also studied. Specific energy doses were administered in the renal arteries and CHA. Blood was collected at 30 and 90 days. All animals had a pre-terminal procedure angiography. Tissue samples were collected for norepinephrine (NEPI) bioanalysis. Histopathological evaluation of collateral structures and tissues near the treatment sites was performed to assess treatment safety. Results: All animals entered and exited the study in good health. No stenosis or vessel abnormalities were present. No significant changes in serum chemistry occurred. NEPI concentrations were significantly reduced in the liver (− 88%, p = 0.005), kidneys (− 78%, p < 0.001), pancreas (− 78%, p = 0.018) and duodenum (− 95%, p = 0.028) following multi-organ denervation treatment compared to control animals. Histologic findings were consistent with favourable tissue responses at 90 days follow-up. Conclusions: Significant and sustained denervation of the treated organs was achieved at 90 days without major safety events. Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of multi-organ denervation using a novel iRF Denervation System in a single procedure.
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