Combined effect of warming and infection by Labyrinthula sp. on the Mediterranean seagrass Cymodocea nodosa

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Abstract

© 2015 Inter-Research. Global warming is predicted to alter host-pathogen relationships and increase disease outbreaks in terrestrial and marine environments. We evaluated the effect of warming on the susceptibility of Cymodocea nodosa to infection by Labyrinthula sp. (the causative agent of seagrass wasting disease) by monitoring disease symptoms and seagrass photobiology. Seagrass shoots were incubated at temperatures between 24 and 32°C, encompassing maximum summer seawater temperatures projected for the Mediterranean during the 21st century, and exposed to Labyrinthula sp. for 2 wk. The effect of temperature on pathogen growth was also tested by growing Labyrinthula sp. in liquid medium for 24 h. Disease severity, measured as lesion size, decreased with warming, but the presence of lesions had a negative effect on quantum yield, quantum efficiency, optimum irradiance and the maximum electron transport rate (ETRmax) in adjacent tissue across the full range of temperatures. The direct effect of increased temperature on photochemical efficiency was positive in terms of quantum yield, whereas compensation and optimum irradiances and ETRmax decreased slightly with warming. Warming stimulated Labyrinthula sp. growth up to a threshold of around 26 to 28°C, beyond which cell division and elongation of the ectoplasmic network decreased. At 32°C almost no growth was observed. Our results indicate that warming does not make C. nodosa more susceptible to infection by Labyrinthula sp. and that the disease is unlikely to pose a serious threat to C. nodosa, but that the pathogen is able to persist during forecasted warm periods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-109
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume532
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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seagrass
warming
lesions (plant)
infection
pathogen
temperature
lesion
irradiance
wasting syndrome
disease severity
disease surveillance
host-pathogen relationships
pathogens
biological resistance
terrestrial environment
twenty first century
marine environment
signs and symptoms (plants)
electron transfer
global warming

Cite this

@article{3bebaba282eb481a9b2991e5ba4beaf8,
title = "Combined effect of warming and infection by Labyrinthula sp. on the Mediterranean seagrass Cymodocea nodosa",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 Inter-Research. Global warming is predicted to alter host-pathogen relationships and increase disease outbreaks in terrestrial and marine environments. We evaluated the effect of warming on the susceptibility of Cymodocea nodosa to infection by Labyrinthula sp. (the causative agent of seagrass wasting disease) by monitoring disease symptoms and seagrass photobiology. Seagrass shoots were incubated at temperatures between 24 and 32°C, encompassing maximum summer seawater temperatures projected for the Mediterranean during the 21st century, and exposed to Labyrinthula sp. for 2 wk. The effect of temperature on pathogen growth was also tested by growing Labyrinthula sp. in liquid medium for 24 h. Disease severity, measured as lesion size, decreased with warming, but the presence of lesions had a negative effect on quantum yield, quantum efficiency, optimum irradiance and the maximum electron transport rate (ETRmax) in adjacent tissue across the full range of temperatures. The direct effect of increased temperature on photochemical efficiency was positive in terms of quantum yield, whereas compensation and optimum irradiances and ETRmax decreased slightly with warming. Warming stimulated Labyrinthula sp. growth up to a threshold of around 26 to 28°C, beyond which cell division and elongation of the ectoplasmic network decreased. At 32°C almost no growth was observed. Our results indicate that warming does not make C. nodosa more susceptible to infection by Labyrinthula sp. and that the disease is unlikely to pose a serious threat to C. nodosa, but that the pathogen is able to persist during forecasted warm periods.",
author = "Ylva Olsen and Carlos Duarte",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3354/meps11343",
language = "English",
volume = "532",
pages = "101--109",
journal = "Marine Ecology - Progress Series",
issn = "0171-8630",
publisher = "Inter-Research",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Combined effect of warming and infection by Labyrinthula sp. on the Mediterranean seagrass Cymodocea nodosa

AU - Olsen, Ylva

AU - Duarte, Carlos

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - © 2015 Inter-Research. Global warming is predicted to alter host-pathogen relationships and increase disease outbreaks in terrestrial and marine environments. We evaluated the effect of warming on the susceptibility of Cymodocea nodosa to infection by Labyrinthula sp. (the causative agent of seagrass wasting disease) by monitoring disease symptoms and seagrass photobiology. Seagrass shoots were incubated at temperatures between 24 and 32°C, encompassing maximum summer seawater temperatures projected for the Mediterranean during the 21st century, and exposed to Labyrinthula sp. for 2 wk. The effect of temperature on pathogen growth was also tested by growing Labyrinthula sp. in liquid medium for 24 h. Disease severity, measured as lesion size, decreased with warming, but the presence of lesions had a negative effect on quantum yield, quantum efficiency, optimum irradiance and the maximum electron transport rate (ETRmax) in adjacent tissue across the full range of temperatures. The direct effect of increased temperature on photochemical efficiency was positive in terms of quantum yield, whereas compensation and optimum irradiances and ETRmax decreased slightly with warming. Warming stimulated Labyrinthula sp. growth up to a threshold of around 26 to 28°C, beyond which cell division and elongation of the ectoplasmic network decreased. At 32°C almost no growth was observed. Our results indicate that warming does not make C. nodosa more susceptible to infection by Labyrinthula sp. and that the disease is unlikely to pose a serious threat to C. nodosa, but that the pathogen is able to persist during forecasted warm periods.

AB - © 2015 Inter-Research. Global warming is predicted to alter host-pathogen relationships and increase disease outbreaks in terrestrial and marine environments. We evaluated the effect of warming on the susceptibility of Cymodocea nodosa to infection by Labyrinthula sp. (the causative agent of seagrass wasting disease) by monitoring disease symptoms and seagrass photobiology. Seagrass shoots were incubated at temperatures between 24 and 32°C, encompassing maximum summer seawater temperatures projected for the Mediterranean during the 21st century, and exposed to Labyrinthula sp. for 2 wk. The effect of temperature on pathogen growth was also tested by growing Labyrinthula sp. in liquid medium for 24 h. Disease severity, measured as lesion size, decreased with warming, but the presence of lesions had a negative effect on quantum yield, quantum efficiency, optimum irradiance and the maximum electron transport rate (ETRmax) in adjacent tissue across the full range of temperatures. The direct effect of increased temperature on photochemical efficiency was positive in terms of quantum yield, whereas compensation and optimum irradiances and ETRmax decreased slightly with warming. Warming stimulated Labyrinthula sp. growth up to a threshold of around 26 to 28°C, beyond which cell division and elongation of the ectoplasmic network decreased. At 32°C almost no growth was observed. Our results indicate that warming does not make C. nodosa more susceptible to infection by Labyrinthula sp. and that the disease is unlikely to pose a serious threat to C. nodosa, but that the pathogen is able to persist during forecasted warm periods.

U2 - 10.3354/meps11343

DO - 10.3354/meps11343

M3 - Article

VL - 532

SP - 101

EP - 109

JO - Marine Ecology - Progress Series

JF - Marine Ecology - Progress Series

SN - 0171-8630

ER -