Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects the central nervous system (CNS), and may lead to significant deficits in affected patients. The focus on its CNS effects is warranted given the raise in its prevalence and the increased awareness of its links to dementia and several major psychiatric disorders. This article describes the cognitive deficits and neurologic changes in patients with OSA, considers the scope of this problem, proposes etiologic mechanisms and presents current methods of assessment.
|Title of host publication
|Encyclopedia of Respiratory Medicine
|Number of pages
|Published - 2021