Cognition in depression: Can we THINC-it better?

Bernhard T. Baune, Gin S. Malhi, Grace Morris, Tim Outhred, Amber Hamilton, Pritha Das, Darryl Bassett, Michael Berk, Philip Boyce, Bill Lyndon, Roger Mulder, Gordon Parker, Ajeet B. Singh

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Abstract

Background Cognitive compromise is a common experience for patients with depression and other mood disorders. Depressed patients sustain deficits in working memory and attentional distortions in emotional processing and negative attention biases, which may contribute to maintaining their depressive state. Methods The Mood Assessment and Classification (MAC) Committee comprised academic psychiatrists with clinical expertise in the management of mood disorders. The independently convened committee met to discuss contentious aspects of mood disorders diagnosis and assessment with the express aim of informing clinical practice and future research. Results The Committee specifically identified cognition as an important aspect for clinicians to consider in the context of depression and mood disorders. This article highlights some of the barriers to assessment and proposes tools that have the potential to be implemented in clinical practice. Limitations The conclusions drawn within this article are based on expert opinion. We have noted the limitations of the literature that informs this opinion. Conclusions As cognitive ability has been closely linked to patients’ ability to achieve functional recovery, it is imperative that clinicians are able to identify patients with cognitive deficits and are equipped with tools to conduct effective cognitive assessments. Examining cognitive factors may generate a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of depression and mood disorders which can ultimately be used to inform treatment.

LanguageEnglish
Pages559-562
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume225
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Mood Disorders
Cognition
Depression
Aptitude
Expert Testimony
Short-Term Memory
Psychiatry
Therapeutics

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Baune, B. T., Malhi, G. S., Morris, G., Outhred, T., Hamilton, A., Das, P., ... Singh, A. B. (2018). Cognition in depression: Can we THINC-it better? Journal of Affective Disorders, 225, 559-562. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.080
Baune, Bernhard T. ; Malhi, Gin S. ; Morris, Grace ; Outhred, Tim ; Hamilton, Amber ; Das, Pritha ; Bassett, Darryl ; Berk, Michael ; Boyce, Philip ; Lyndon, Bill ; Mulder, Roger ; Parker, Gordon ; Singh, Ajeet B./ Cognition in depression : Can we THINC-it better?. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 225. pp. 559-562
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title = "Cognition in depression: Can we THINC-it better?",
abstract = "Background Cognitive compromise is a common experience for patients with depression and other mood disorders. Depressed patients sustain deficits in working memory and attentional distortions in emotional processing and negative attention biases, which may contribute to maintaining their depressive state. Methods The Mood Assessment and Classification (MAC) Committee comprised academic psychiatrists with clinical expertise in the management of mood disorders. The independently convened committee met to discuss contentious aspects of mood disorders diagnosis and assessment with the express aim of informing clinical practice and future research. Results The Committee specifically identified cognition as an important aspect for clinicians to consider in the context of depression and mood disorders. This article highlights some of the barriers to assessment and proposes tools that have the potential to be implemented in clinical practice. Limitations The conclusions drawn within this article are based on expert opinion. We have noted the limitations of the literature that informs this opinion. Conclusions As cognitive ability has been closely linked to patients’ ability to achieve functional recovery, it is imperative that clinicians are able to identify patients with cognitive deficits and are equipped with tools to conduct effective cognitive assessments. Examining cognitive factors may generate a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of depression and mood disorders which can ultimately be used to inform treatment.",
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Baune, BT, Malhi, GS, Morris, G, Outhred, T, Hamilton, A, Das, P, Bassett, D, Berk, M, Boyce, P, Lyndon, B, Mulder, R, Parker, G & Singh, AB 2018, 'Cognition in depression: Can we THINC-it better?' Journal of Affective Disorders, vol 225, pp. 559-562. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.080

Cognition in depression : Can we THINC-it better? / Baune, Bernhard T.; Malhi, Gin S.; Morris, Grace; Outhred, Tim; Hamilton, Amber; Das, Pritha; Bassett, Darryl; Berk, Michael; Boyce, Philip; Lyndon, Bill; Mulder, Roger; Parker, Gordon; Singh, Ajeet B.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 225, 01.01.2018, p. 559-562.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cognition in depression

T2 - Journal of Affective Disorders

AU - Baune,Bernhard T.

AU - Malhi,Gin S.

AU - Morris,Grace

AU - Outhred,Tim

AU - Hamilton,Amber

AU - Das,Pritha

AU - Bassett,Darryl

AU - Berk,Michael

AU - Boyce,Philip

AU - Lyndon,Bill

AU - Mulder,Roger

AU - Parker,Gordon

AU - Singh,Ajeet B.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background Cognitive compromise is a common experience for patients with depression and other mood disorders. Depressed patients sustain deficits in working memory and attentional distortions in emotional processing and negative attention biases, which may contribute to maintaining their depressive state. Methods The Mood Assessment and Classification (MAC) Committee comprised academic psychiatrists with clinical expertise in the management of mood disorders. The independently convened committee met to discuss contentious aspects of mood disorders diagnosis and assessment with the express aim of informing clinical practice and future research. Results The Committee specifically identified cognition as an important aspect for clinicians to consider in the context of depression and mood disorders. This article highlights some of the barriers to assessment and proposes tools that have the potential to be implemented in clinical practice. Limitations The conclusions drawn within this article are based on expert opinion. We have noted the limitations of the literature that informs this opinion. Conclusions As cognitive ability has been closely linked to patients’ ability to achieve functional recovery, it is imperative that clinicians are able to identify patients with cognitive deficits and are equipped with tools to conduct effective cognitive assessments. Examining cognitive factors may generate a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of depression and mood disorders which can ultimately be used to inform treatment.

AB - Background Cognitive compromise is a common experience for patients with depression and other mood disorders. Depressed patients sustain deficits in working memory and attentional distortions in emotional processing and negative attention biases, which may contribute to maintaining their depressive state. Methods The Mood Assessment and Classification (MAC) Committee comprised academic psychiatrists with clinical expertise in the management of mood disorders. The independently convened committee met to discuss contentious aspects of mood disorders diagnosis and assessment with the express aim of informing clinical practice and future research. Results The Committee specifically identified cognition as an important aspect for clinicians to consider in the context of depression and mood disorders. This article highlights some of the barriers to assessment and proposes tools that have the potential to be implemented in clinical practice. Limitations The conclusions drawn within this article are based on expert opinion. We have noted the limitations of the literature that informs this opinion. Conclusions As cognitive ability has been closely linked to patients’ ability to achieve functional recovery, it is imperative that clinicians are able to identify patients with cognitive deficits and are equipped with tools to conduct effective cognitive assessments. Examining cognitive factors may generate a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of depression and mood disorders which can ultimately be used to inform treatment.

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KW - Depression

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SP - 559

EP - 562

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

Baune BT, Malhi GS, Morris G, Outhred T, Hamilton A, Das P et al. Cognition in depression: Can we THINC-it better? Journal of Affective Disorders. 2018 Jan 1;225:559-562. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2017.08.080