Although it is accepted that the coefficient of consolidation for soil is not a true material property, but reflects the net effect of permeability and compressibility, it is a very useful parameter in day to day design. Design calculations make extensive use of elastic solutions for consolidation, such as beneath a shallow foundation or around a driven pile, but an important consideration is how to measure or estimate an appropriate coefficient of consolidation to use in those solutions. Typically the quantity is determined either from laboratory oedometer tests (generally then referred to as cv) or from field dissipation tests using a piezocone or piezoball penetrometer (generally then referred to as ch). Since the latter form of test includes a mix of stress paths, for some of which the soil has a stiffness associated with unloading and others of which involve plastic compression, the magnitude of ch for a given soil is typically 3 to 10 times the value of cv from virgin compression in laboratory oedometer tests. The paper explores the relationship between cv and ch for different boundary value problems, within the confines of soil modelled as Modified Cam Clay, for both isotropic and anisotropic permeability. Problems range among: simulated oedometer testing, field dissipation testing and pore pressure response beneath a shallow foundation. Results of finite element analysis of this range of problems are used to develop guidelines for different classes of problem, comparing the relevant coefficient of consolidation against a benchmark cv value associated with virgin compression in an oedometer. The normalised values of consolidation coefficient are expressed as functions of fundamental soil parameters used within Modified Cam Clay.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering|
|Place of Publication||Spain|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||6th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering - San Servolo, Venice, Italy|
Duration: 18 May 2015 → 20 May 2015
Conference number: 6
|Conference||6th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering|
|Period||18/05/15 → 20/05/15|
Wang, D., Randolph, M., & Gourvenec, S. (2015). Coefficient of consolidation for soil - that elusive quantity. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Coupled Problems in Science and Engineering (Vol. 2015, pp. 1218-1231). Cimne.