Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin

Mohammad Al-Nabulsi, Alaa Daud, Cynthia Yiu, Hanan Omar, Salvatore Sauro, Amr Fawzy, Umer Daood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect of a new application method of bulk-fill flowable composite resin material on bond-strength, nanoleakage, and mechanical properties of dentine bonding agents. Materials and methods: Sound extracted human molars were randomly divided into: manufacturer's instructions (MI), manual blend 2 mm (MB2), and manual blend 4 mm (MB4). Occlusal enamel was removed and flattened, dentin surfaces were bonded by Prime & Bond universal (Dentsply and Optibond FL, Kerr). For the MI group, adhesives were applied following the manufacturer's instructions then light-cured. For MB groups, SDR flow+ bulk-fill flowable composite resin was applied in 2- or 4-mm increment then manually rubbed by a micro brush for 15 s with uncured dentine bonding agents and the mixture was light-cured. Composite buildup was fabricated incrementally using Ceram.X One, Dentsply nanohybrid composite resin restorative material. After 24-h water storage, the teeth were sectioned to obtain beams of about 0.8 mm2 for 24-h and thermocycled micro-tensile bond strength at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed. Degree of conversion was evaluated with micro-Raman spectroscopy. Contraction gaps at 24 h after polymerization were evaluated and atomic force microscopy (AFM) nano-indentation processes were undertaken for measuring the hardness across the interface. Depth of resin penetration was studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Bond strength data was expressed using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. Nanoindentation hardness was separately analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: Factors "storage F = 6.3" and "application F = 30.11" significantly affected the bond strength to dentine. For Optibond FL, no significant difference in nanoleakage was found in MI/MB4 groups between baseline and aged specimens; significant difference in nanoleakage score was observed in MB2 groups. Confocal microscopy analysis showed MB2 Optibond FL and Prime & Bond universal specimens diffusing within the dentine. Contraction gap was significantly reduced in MB2 specimens in both adhesive systems. Degree of conversion (DC) of the MB2 specimens were numerically more compared to MS1 in both adhesive systems. Conclusion: Present study suggests that the new co-blend technique might have a positive effect on bond strengths of etch-and-rinse adhesives to dentine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2504
JournalMaterials
Volume12
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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Composite Resins
Adhesives
Resins
Dentin-Bonding Agents
Composite materials
Nanoindentation
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Hardness
Enamels
Confocal microscopy
Bond strength (materials)
Brushes
Raman spectroscopy
Atomic force microscopy
Electron microscopes
Polymerization
Acoustic waves
Scanning
Mechanical properties
Water

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Al-Nabulsi, M., Daud, A., Yiu, C., Omar, H., Sauro, S., Fawzy, A., & Daood, U. (2019). Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin. Materials, 12(16), [2504]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12162504
Al-Nabulsi, Mohammad ; Daud, Alaa ; Yiu, Cynthia ; Omar, Hanan ; Sauro, Salvatore ; Fawzy, Amr ; Daood, Umer. / Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin. In: Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 16.
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Al-Nabulsi, M, Daud, A, Yiu, C, Omar, H, Sauro, S, Fawzy, A & Daood, U 2019, 'Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin' Materials, vol. 12, no. 16, 2504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12162504

Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin. / Al-Nabulsi, Mohammad; Daud, Alaa; Yiu, Cynthia; Omar, Hanan; Sauro, Salvatore; Fawzy, Amr; Daood, Umer.

In: Materials, Vol. 12, No. 16, 2504, 01.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin

AU - Al-Nabulsi, Mohammad

AU - Daud, Alaa

AU - Yiu, Cynthia

AU - Omar, Hanan

AU - Sauro, Salvatore

AU - Fawzy, Amr

AU - Daood, Umer

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Objective: To evaluate the effect of a new application method of bulk-fill flowable composite resin material on bond-strength, nanoleakage, and mechanical properties of dentine bonding agents. Materials and methods: Sound extracted human molars were randomly divided into: manufacturer's instructions (MI), manual blend 2 mm (MB2), and manual blend 4 mm (MB4). Occlusal enamel was removed and flattened, dentin surfaces were bonded by Prime & Bond universal (Dentsply and Optibond FL, Kerr). For the MI group, adhesives were applied following the manufacturer's instructions then light-cured. For MB groups, SDR flow+ bulk-fill flowable composite resin was applied in 2- or 4-mm increment then manually rubbed by a micro brush for 15 s with uncured dentine bonding agents and the mixture was light-cured. Composite buildup was fabricated incrementally using Ceram.X One, Dentsply nanohybrid composite resin restorative material. After 24-h water storage, the teeth were sectioned to obtain beams of about 0.8 mm2 for 24-h and thermocycled micro-tensile bond strength at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed. Degree of conversion was evaluated with micro-Raman spectroscopy. Contraction gaps at 24 h after polymerization were evaluated and atomic force microscopy (AFM) nano-indentation processes were undertaken for measuring the hardness across the interface. Depth of resin penetration was studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Bond strength data was expressed using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. Nanoindentation hardness was separately analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: Factors "storage F = 6.3" and "application F = 30.11" significantly affected the bond strength to dentine. For Optibond FL, no significant difference in nanoleakage was found in MI/MB4 groups between baseline and aged specimens; significant difference in nanoleakage score was observed in MB2 groups. Confocal microscopy analysis showed MB2 Optibond FL and Prime & Bond universal specimens diffusing within the dentine. Contraction gap was significantly reduced in MB2 specimens in both adhesive systems. Degree of conversion (DC) of the MB2 specimens were numerically more compared to MS1 in both adhesive systems. Conclusion: Present study suggests that the new co-blend technique might have a positive effect on bond strengths of etch-and-rinse adhesives to dentine.

AB - Objective: To evaluate the effect of a new application method of bulk-fill flowable composite resin material on bond-strength, nanoleakage, and mechanical properties of dentine bonding agents. Materials and methods: Sound extracted human molars were randomly divided into: manufacturer's instructions (MI), manual blend 2 mm (MB2), and manual blend 4 mm (MB4). Occlusal enamel was removed and flattened, dentin surfaces were bonded by Prime & Bond universal (Dentsply and Optibond FL, Kerr). For the MI group, adhesives were applied following the manufacturer's instructions then light-cured. For MB groups, SDR flow+ bulk-fill flowable composite resin was applied in 2- or 4-mm increment then manually rubbed by a micro brush for 15 s with uncured dentine bonding agents and the mixture was light-cured. Composite buildup was fabricated incrementally using Ceram.X One, Dentsply nanohybrid composite resin restorative material. After 24-h water storage, the teeth were sectioned to obtain beams of about 0.8 mm2 for 24-h and thermocycled micro-tensile bond strength at 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed. Degree of conversion was evaluated with micro-Raman spectroscopy. Contraction gaps at 24 h after polymerization were evaluated and atomic force microscopy (AFM) nano-indentation processes were undertaken for measuring the hardness across the interface. Depth of resin penetration was studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Bond strength data was expressed using two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test. Nanoindentation hardness was separately analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Results: Factors "storage F = 6.3" and "application F = 30.11" significantly affected the bond strength to dentine. For Optibond FL, no significant difference in nanoleakage was found in MI/MB4 groups between baseline and aged specimens; significant difference in nanoleakage score was observed in MB2 groups. Confocal microscopy analysis showed MB2 Optibond FL and Prime & Bond universal specimens diffusing within the dentine. Contraction gap was significantly reduced in MB2 specimens in both adhesive systems. Degree of conversion (DC) of the MB2 specimens were numerically more compared to MS1 in both adhesive systems. Conclusion: Present study suggests that the new co-blend technique might have a positive effect on bond strengths of etch-and-rinse adhesives to dentine.

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KW - Bulk-fill

KW - Co-blend

KW - Dentine

KW - Nanoindentation

KW - Raman

KW - Resin

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U2 - 10.3390/ma12162504

DO - 10.3390/ma12162504

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Materials

JF - Materials

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Al-Nabulsi M, Daud A, Yiu C, Omar H, Sauro S, Fawzy A et al. Co-blend application mode of bulk fill composite resin. Materials. 2019 Aug 1;12(16). 2504. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12162504