Clostridium difficile infection: Evolution, phylogeny and molecular epidemiology

Briony Elliott, Grace O. Androga, Daniel R. Knight, Thomas V. Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


Over the recent decades, Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has emerged as a global public health threat. Despite growing attention, C. difficile remains a poorly understood pathogen, however, the exquisite sensitivity offered by next generation sequencing (NGS) technology has enabled analysis of the genome of C. difficile, giving us access to massive genomic data on factors such as virulence, evolution, and genetic relatedness within C. difficile groups. NGS has also demonstrated excellence in investigations of outbreaks and disease transmission, in both small and large-scale applications. This review summarizes the molecular epidemiology, evolution, and phylogeny of C. difficile, one of the most important pathogens worldwide in the current antibiotic resistance era.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


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