Clostridioides difficile infection in the Asia-Pacific region

for the Clostridioides difficile Asia-Pacific Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile causes healthcare-related diarrhoea in high-income countries. Highly resistant spores persist in healthcare facilities, primarily infecting patients who have recently received antimicrobials. C. difficile infection (CDI) has been studied in detail in North America and Europe; however, the epidemiology of CDI elsewhere, including the Asia-Pacific region, is largely unknown. A survey of CDI was performed in 13 Asia-Pacific countries. Epidemiological data on 600 cases were collected and molecular typing undertaken on 414 C. difficile isolates. Healthcare facility-associated CDI comprised 53.6% of cases, while community-associated CDI was 16.5%. The median age of cases was 63.0 years and 45.3% were female, 77.5% had used antibiotics in the previous 8 weeks, most frequently third-generation cephalosporins (31.7%), and 47.3% had used proton pump inhibitors. Recurrence (9.1%) and mortality (5.2%) rates were low, while complications including colitis or pseudomembranous colitis (13.8%), colectomy (0.4%), and toxic megacolon (0.2%) were uncommon. Common C. difficile strains were ribotypes 017 (16.7%), 014/020 (11.1%) and 018 (9.9%), with wide variation between countries. Binary toxin-positive strains of C. difficile were detected rarely. Overall, disease severity appeared mild, and mortality and recurrence were low. Continued education about, and surveillance of, CDI in Asia are required to reduce the burden of disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-52
Number of pages11
JournalEmerging Microbes and Infections
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

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