Cloning, characterisation and sequencing of promoters of Helicobacter pylori 4187E

Amanda Lian Lloyd

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Published information on the structure and regulation of H. pylori promoters is limited. The work presented in this thesis describes the cloning and characterisation of promoter regions from a clinical isolate of H. pylori, and the development of an alternative, non-radioactive method for verifying the location of transcriptional start sites of bacterial promoters. H. pylori 4187E promoters were randomly cloned into the promoter-trap vector pKK232-8 in Escherichia coli DH5α using two sets of restriction enzymes. Vector pKK232-8 contains a promoterless chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. Seventy-four promoter-containing clones were isolated from selective media based on their resistance to chloramphenicol. The strength of each promoter was analysed qualitatively, using chloramphenicol minimum inhibitory concentrations, and quantitatively, using CAT assays following exposure of the clones to pH 4 and pH 7. Selected promoter fragments were subcloned into the GFP reporter vector pFPV25, containing a promoterless gfp gene. The subclones were exposed to buffered LB broth at pH 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, for varying lengths of time, to study acid-induced regulation of gene expression. Subclones were examined qualitatively, using visual examination of GFP fluorescence and fluorescence microscopy, and quantitatively, using flow cytometry following acid shock. DNA sequences were determined for 61 of the 74 H. pylori promoters, and sequence alignments with the published H. pylori strains (26695 and J99) were performed. The transcriptional start site of 27 H. pylori promoter fragments was experimentally mapped using a fluorescence-based primer extension protocol developed by our group. Potential -35 and -10 sequences were identified for each promoter, and a new consensus sequence for H. pylori promoters was proposed based upon these results. This study has considerably expanded knowledge of H. pylori promoter sequences and transcriptional start sites based on those which also function in E. coli. It has also revealed several H. pylori promoters which appear to respond to acid stress
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Publication statusUnpublished - 2004


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