Cloning and characterisation of a family of disease resistance gene analogs from wheat and barley

S. Seah, Krishnapillai Sivasithamparam, A. Karakousis, E.S. Lagudah

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Abstract

The most common class of plant disease resistance (R) genes cloned so far belong to the NBS-LRR group which contain nucleotide-binding sites (NBS) and a leucine-rich repeat (LRR). Specific primer sequences derived from a previously isolated NBS-LRR sequence at the Cre3 locus, which confers resistance to cereal cyst nematode (CCN) in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were used in isolating a family of resistance gene analogs (RGA) through a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) cloning approach. The cloning, analysis and genetic mapping of a family of RGAs from wheat (cv 'Chinese Spring') and barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cvs 'Chebec' and 'Harrington') are presented. The wheat and barley RGAs contain other conserved motifs present in known R genes from other plants and share between 55-99% amino acid sequence identity to the NBS-LRR sequence at the Cre3 locus. Phylogenetic analysis of the RGAs with other cloned R genes and RGAs from various plant species indicate that they belong to a superfamily of NBS-containing genes. Two of the barley derived RGAs were mapped onto loci on chromosomes 2H (2), 5H (7) and 7H (1) using barley doubled haploid (DH) mapping populations. Some of these loci identified are associated with regions carrying resistance to CCN and corn leaf aphid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)937-945
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics: international journal of plant breeding research
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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