Clinical utility of preoperative pulmonary function testing in pediatrics

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Perioperative respiratory adverse events pose a significant risk in pediatric anesthesia, and identifying these risks is vital. Traditionally, this is assessed using history and examination. However, the perioperative risk is multifactorial, and children with complex medical backgrounds such as chronic lung disease or obesity may benefit from additional objective preoperative pulmonary function tests. This article summarizes the utility of available pulmonary function assessment tools as preoperative tests in improving post-anesthetic outcomes. Currently, there is no evidence to support or discourage any pulmonary function assessment as a routine preoperative test for children undergoing anesthesia. In addition, there is uncertainty about which patients with the known or suspected respiratory disease require preoperative pulmonary function tests, what time period prior to surgery these are required, and whether spirometry or more sophisticated tests are indicated. Therefore, the need for any test should be based on information obtained from the history and examination, the child's age, and the complexity of the surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalPaediatric Anaesthesia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical utility of preoperative pulmonary function testing in pediatrics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this