This study reports the severity of clinical lupus nephritis (LN), defined as the sustained presence of proteinuria and/or cellular casts, in a group of 68 newly diagnosed patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Curacao. Fifty-four patients (78%) developed clinical signs of LN, of whom 31 (54%) had clinical LN at the time of SLE diagnosis. The probability of developing clinical LN reached 80% in the first 3 years after SLE diagnosis and hardly increased later. No clinical or serological differences existed at the time of SLE diagnosis or at onset of LN between patients with early-or late-onset LN. Survival in patients without LN was 100% at 5 years, while for patients with clinical LN these rates at 1 and 5 years were 91% and 59%, respectively (P = 0.0001); male LN patients had a worse prognosis than females (P = 0.012), while time of LN onset did not influence survival. Six patients (11%) developed end-stage renal failure; all were female, five had early LN and one had late-onset LN (P = 0.17). Renal survival was 97% and 80% at 1 and 5 years, with decreased rates for patients with nephroticrange proteinuria (P = 0.02). Hypertension was present in 13% of LN patients, but had no influence on patient or renal survival. Thus, clinical LN was a frequent complication, which carried a poor prognosis in these Afro-Caribbean lupus patients.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|