Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem

Thomas Wernberg, Scott Bennett, Russ Babcock, Thibaut De Bettignies, Katherine Cure Chams, M. Depczynski, F. Dufois, J. Fromont, C.J. Fulton, Renae Hovey, E.S. Harvey, Thomas Holmes, Gary Kendrick, Ben Radford, Julia Santana Garcon, B.J. Saunders, Daniel Smale, Mads Thomsen, Chenae Tuckett, F. Tuya & 2 others M.A. Vanderklift, Shaun Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

248 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters. This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-172
JournalScience
Volume353
Issue number6295
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2016

Fingerprint

Kelp
Climate
Ecosystem
Seaweed
Extreme Heat
Infrared Rays
Anthozoa
Climate Change
Invertebrates
Oceans and Seas
Economics
Water
Forests

Cite this

Wernberg, T., Bennett, S., Babcock, R., De Bettignies, T., Cure Chams, K., Depczynski, M., ... Wilson, S. (2016). Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem. Science, 353(6295), 169-172. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad8745
Wernberg, Thomas ; Bennett, Scott ; Babcock, Russ ; De Bettignies, Thibaut ; Cure Chams, Katherine ; Depczynski, M. ; Dufois, F. ; Fromont, J. ; Fulton, C.J. ; Hovey, Renae ; Harvey, E.S. ; Holmes, Thomas ; Kendrick, Gary ; Radford, Ben ; Santana Garcon, Julia ; Saunders, B.J. ; Smale, Daniel ; Thomsen, Mads ; Tuckett, Chenae ; Tuya, F. ; Vanderklift, M.A. ; Wilson, Shaun. / Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem. In: Science. 2016 ; Vol. 353, No. 6295. pp. 169-172.
@article{fbd0c02666fc4fbfa78c7fe0fe317999,
title = "Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem",
abstract = "Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters. This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.",
author = "Thomas Wernberg and Scott Bennett and Russ Babcock and {De Bettignies}, Thibaut and {Cure Chams}, Katherine and M. Depczynski and F. Dufois and J. Fromont and C.J. Fulton and Renae Hovey and E.S. Harvey and Thomas Holmes and Gary Kendrick and Ben Radford and {Santana Garcon}, Julia and B.J. Saunders and Daniel Smale and Mads Thomsen and Chenae Tuckett and F. Tuya and M.A. Vanderklift and Shaun Wilson",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1126/science.aad8745",
language = "English",
volume = "353",
pages = "169--172",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE",
number = "6295",

}

Wernberg, T, Bennett, S, Babcock, R, De Bettignies, T, Cure Chams, K, Depczynski, M, Dufois, F, Fromont, J, Fulton, CJ, Hovey, R, Harvey, ES, Holmes, T, Kendrick, G, Radford, B, Santana Garcon, J, Saunders, BJ, Smale, D, Thomsen, M, Tuckett, C, Tuya, F, Vanderklift, MA & Wilson, S 2016, 'Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem' Science, vol. 353, no. 6295, pp. 169-172. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad8745

Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem. / Wernberg, Thomas; Bennett, Scott; Babcock, Russ; De Bettignies, Thibaut; Cure Chams, Katherine; Depczynski, M.; Dufois, F.; Fromont, J.; Fulton, C.J.; Hovey, Renae; Harvey, E.S.; Holmes, Thomas; Kendrick, Gary; Radford, Ben; Santana Garcon, Julia; Saunders, B.J.; Smale, Daniel; Thomsen, Mads; Tuckett, Chenae; Tuya, F.; Vanderklift, M.A.; Wilson, Shaun.

In: Science, Vol. 353, No. 6295, 08.07.2016, p. 169-172.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem

AU - Wernberg, Thomas

AU - Bennett, Scott

AU - Babcock, Russ

AU - De Bettignies, Thibaut

AU - Cure Chams, Katherine

AU - Depczynski, M.

AU - Dufois, F.

AU - Fromont, J.

AU - Fulton, C.J.

AU - Hovey, Renae

AU - Harvey, E.S.

AU - Holmes, Thomas

AU - Kendrick, Gary

AU - Radford, Ben

AU - Santana Garcon, Julia

AU - Saunders, B.J.

AU - Smale, Daniel

AU - Thomsen, Mads

AU - Tuckett, Chenae

AU - Tuya, F.

AU - Vanderklift, M.A.

AU - Wilson, Shaun

PY - 2016/7/8

Y1 - 2016/7/8

N2 - Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters. This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.

AB - Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs. After decades of ocean warming, extreme marine heat waves forced a 100-kilometer range contraction of extensive kelp forests and saw temperate species replaced by seaweeds, invertebrates, corals, and fishes characteristic of subtropical and tropical waters. This community-wide tropicalization fundamentally altered key ecological processes, suppressing the recovery of kelp forests.

U2 - 10.1126/science.aad8745

DO - 10.1126/science.aad8745

M3 - Article

VL - 353

SP - 169

EP - 172

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6295

ER -

Wernberg T, Bennett S, Babcock R, De Bettignies T, Cure Chams K, Depczynski M et al. Climate-driven regime shift of a temperate marine ecosystem. Science. 2016 Jul 8;353(6295):169-172. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad8745