Class I methanol masers in NGC253: Alcohol at the end of the bar

S. P. Ellingsen, X. Chen, S. L. Breen, H. H. Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


We have used the Australia Telescope Compact Array to observe the 36.2-GHz class I methanol maser emission towards NGC253 and find that it is located at the interface between the nuclear ring and both ends of the galactic bar. This is thought to be the location of the inner Linblad resonance and we suggest that the maser emission in this region is likely due to large-scale cloud-cloud collisions. We have detected the first extragalactic 44.1-GHz class I methanol maser and find that it is associated with the 36.2-GHz maser emission. In contrast to the class I methanol masers found in Galactic star formation regions, the 44.1-GHz emission in NGC253 is two orders of magnitude weaker than the 36.2-GHz masers. Both the 36.2- and 44.1-GHz emission is orders of magnitude stronger than expected from typical high-mass star formation regions. This demonstrates that the luminous class I methanol masers observed in NGC253 are significantly different from those associated with Galactic star formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)604-615
Number of pages12
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


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