Circular RNA circCORO1C promotes laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma progression by modulating the let-7c-5p/PBX3 axis

Yongyan Wu, Yuliang Zhang, Xiwang Zheng, Fengsheng Dai, Yan Lu, Li Dai, Min Niu, Huina Guo, Wenqi Li, Xuting Xue, Yunfeng Bo, Yujia Guo, Jiangbo Qin, Yixiao Qin, Hongliang Liu, Yu Zhang, Tao Yang, Li Li, Linshi Zhang, Rui HouShuxin Wen, Changming An, Huizheng Li, Wei Xu, Wei Gao

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck. LSCC patients have seriously impaired vocal, respiratory, and swallowing functions with poor prognosis. Circular RNA (circRNA) has attracted great attention in cancer research. However, the expression patterns and roles of circRNAs in LSCC remain largely unknown. METHODS: RNA sequencing was performed on 57 pairs of LSCC and matched adjacent normal mucosa tissues to construct circRNA, miRNA, and mRNA expression profiles. RT-PCR, qPCR, Sanger sequencing, and FISH were undertaken to study the expression, localization, and clinical significance of circCORO1C in LSCC tissues and cells. The functions of circCORO1C in LSCC were investigated by RNAi-mediated knockdown, proliferation analysis, EdU staining, colony formation assay, Transwell assay, and apoptosis analysis. The regulatory mechanisms among circCORO1C, let-7c-5p, and PBX3 were investigated by luciferase assay, RNA immunoprecipitation, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: circCORO1C was highly expressed in LSCC tissues and cells, and this high expression was closely associated with the malignant progression and poor prognosis of LSCC. Knockdown of circCORO1C inhibited the proliferation, migration, invasion, and in vivo tumorigenesis of LSCC cells. Mechanistic studies revealed that circCORO1C competitively bound to let-7c-5p and prevented it from decreasing the level of PBX3, which promoted the epithelial-mesenchymal transition and finally facilitated the malignant progression of LSCC. CONCLUSIONS: circCORO1C has an oncogenic role in LSCC progression and may serve as a novel target for LSCC therapy. circCORO1C expression has the potential to serve as a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for LSCC detection.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalMolecular Cancer
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2020

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    Wu, Y., Zhang, Y., Zheng, X., Dai, F., Lu, Y., Dai, L., Niu, M., Guo, H., Li, W., Xue, X., Bo, Y., Guo, Y., Qin, J., Qin, Y., Liu, H., Zhang, Y., Yang, T., Li, L., Zhang, L., ... Gao, W. (2020). Circular RNA circCORO1C promotes laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma progression by modulating the let-7c-5p/PBX3 axis. Molecular Cancer, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12943-020-01215-4