The Dantazi Complex in the North Hebei Terrane is located in the middle segment of the northern North China Craton, and plays a crucial role for understanding the early Precambrian crustal evolution of the craton. The Dantazi Complex is composed mainly of late Neoarchean tonalites-trondhjemites-granodiorites, potassic granites, sanukitoid granodiorites-monzodiorites and quartz syenites, which were emplaced by Paleoproterozoic gabbroic stocks. SHRIMP and LA–ICP–MS zircon dating analyses have revealed that the Neoarchean diversified granitoids of the Dantazi Complex were formed in ∼2.52–2.47 Ga, and preserved ∼2.60–2.53 Ga inherited/captured zircon ages. All these rocks experienced early metamorphism and deformation at ∼2.40 Ga, later granulite facies metamorphism at ∼1.80 Ga, and alterations at ∼1.73 Ga. Whole-rock chemical characteristics and Sm–Nd–Lu–Hf isotopes indicate that (1) The ∼2.52 Ga tonalites-trondhjemites-granodiorites were derived from partial melting of juvenile mafic crust; (2) the ∼2.51 Ga sanukitoid monzodiorite-granodiorite series came from slab-mantle interaction with different melt/rock ratios; (3) The ∼2.50–2.47 Ga potassic granites were generated by intracrustal recycling of metagreywacks that sourced from the mixture between juvenile and ancient crustal materials; and (4) The ∼2.50 Ga quartz syenites were originated from fractional crystallization of mantle-derived magmas. These petrogenetic processes reveal that the subduction-related crust-mantle interaction is the key reason for the diversity of late Neoarchean granitoids in the Dantazi Complex. Regional comparison indicates that the Precambrian North Hebei Terrane show distinct structure in the chronology and lithological assemblages from other basement terranes in the trans-North China Orogen and Western Block, implying that they were formed in different crust-mantle dynamic systems. Therefore, the Precambrian North Hebei Terrane was probably an independent micro-continental block at least until the early Paleoproterozoic. In the Archean crystalline basement range of the North Hebei–West Liaoning–East Hebei, from NW to SE, the magmatic crystallization ages gradually became older, and the granitoid assemblages transformed from sodium-rich to potassium-rich, the spatio-temporal evolution of chemical composition and lithological assemblages further indicates that the North Hebei Terrane was most likely developed in an arc environment with continuous retreat subduction caused by the slab roll-back.