This article examines the proposition that the traditional scoring method of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) underestimates the number of respondents classified as "cases." A revised "chronic" scoring method (the CGHQ) is used and demonstrates superior construct validity and greater sensitivity. A comparison of the CGHQ and GHQ also shows the CGHQ to be a superior criterion measure. These claims are demonstrated by survey data gathered from 3 occupational samples (Ns = 11,637, 2,253, and 2,124). Results show that the CGHQ is more appropriate as a screening instrument for psychological morbidity. Tests of construct validity also favor the CGHQ with only a slight advantage for predictive validity in terms of variance explained. The more desirable statistical properties of the CGHQ result in a reduction of significant interaction terms and are strongly recommended in future studies as a means of controlling Type I errors when tests of moderation are examined.