Chronic tympanic membrane perforation: a better animal model is needed

P.L. Santa Maria, Marcus Atlas, Reza Ghassemifar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    60 Citations (Web of Science)


    Developments in the treatment of chronic tympanic membrane perforation have been hindered by the lack of an ideal animal model. It is not appropriate to test such treatments on acute perforations as the majority of these heal spontaneously. An ideal animal model would be one that most closely resembles the human clinical situation. It should be inexpensive, readily available, and easy to create. There have been a number of attempts to create a chronic tympanic membrane perforation model with limited success. All published attempts at chronic tympanic membrane perforations have been reviewed and the limitations of each model are discussed. A number of areas for research exist for further developing a chronic tympanic membrane perforation model. These areas include a perforation model in the presence of bacteria and eustachian tube dysfunction. Understanding the molecular and genetic mechanisms of chronic otitis media and potential treatments will also be useful.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)450-458
    JournalWound Repair and Regeneration
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2007


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