Chronic orchalgia after surgical exploration for acute scrotal pain in children

J. Hart, Gianna Pastore, M. Jones, A. Barker, J. Khosa, Naeem Samnakay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015Objectives The aim was to review the pediatric cohort undergoing surgical exploration for acute scrotal pain at our institution and assess the entity of chronic orchalgia post exploration in this cohort. Materials and methods A retrospective review of all pediatric patients who underwent surgery for acute scrotal pain at a single institution between 1 January 2001 and 1 January 2012 was conducted. Results A total of 1084 patients underwent scrotal exploration for acute scrotal pain where the underlying cause could not be clinically ascertained. Causes found at exploratory surgery are shown in the table. Forty-four children (4.1%) re-presented with another episode of acute scrotal pain and underwent re-exploration. A hundred of the 772 children with testicular appendage torsion at initial exploration had unilateral exploration only. Seven (7%) of these re-presented with contralateral appendage torsion. The complication rate of initial scrotal exploration was 5.6% and that of re-exploration was 6.8%. All complications were managed conservatively except for a painful reactive hydrocele that underwent the Jaboulay procedure. Fifteen (1.4%) children in this cohort developed chronic orchalgia. Thirteen (87%) of these had definite pathology found at initial exploration. One of 61 (2%) with postoperative complications (a reactive hydrocele) developed chronic orchalgia. Pediatric chronic pain specialists were consulted for all patients. In 10 of the 15 (67%), significant comorbidities included constipation, anxiety, somatization, hydrocele, dysfunctional voiding, and multiple joint pain. The Jaboulay procedure for reactive hydrocele and re-exploration to pex the testes due to suspected intermittent testicular torsion resolved chronic orchalgia in one patient each. Discussion Pediatric chronic orchalgia post exploration is uncommon. It has a multifactorial etiology. Comorbidities are common. It is possible that some unexplored patients labeled as chronic orchalgia in the literature may have underlying correctable pat
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168.e1-168.e6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Urology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


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