Chronic high fat feeding paradoxically attenuates cerebral capillary dysfunction and neurovascular inflammation in Senescence-Accelerated-Murine-Prone Strain 8 mice.

V Lam, A Stephenson, M Nesbit, S Mamsa, M Hackett, R Takechi, JCL Mamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A body of epidemiological, clinical and preclinical studies suggest increased risk for cerebro- and cardio-vascular disease associated with dietary ingestion of long-chain saturated fatty acids (LCSFA). In wild-type rodent models, chronic ingestion of LCSFA diets are associated with increased cerebral capillary permeability, heightened neurovascular inflammation and poorer cognitive performance. However, recent studies suggest that diets enriched in fat may paradoxically attenuate elements of the ageing phenotype via a caloric support axis. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of dietary LCSFA on cerebral capillary integrity and neurovascular inflammation in an established model of accelerated ageing, Senescence-Accelerated-Murine-Prone Strain 8 (SAMP8) mice. Methods: From 6 weeks of age, SAMP8 mice and age-matched controls were randomised to either normal chow, or to an LCSFA-enriched diet, for either 12 or 34 weeks. An additional group of SAMP8 mice were provided the LCSFA-enriched diet for 12 weeks followed by the provision of ordinary low-fat chow for 22 weeks. Ex vivo measures of cerebrovascular integrity, neurovascular inflammation and astrocytic activation, were determined via 3-dimensional immunofluorescent confocal microscopy methodologies. Results: LCSFA-fed SAMP8 mice had markedly attenuated cerebral capillary dysfunction concomitant with reduced microglial activation. In SAMP8 mice transiently maintained on an LCSFA diet for 12 weeks, suppression of neurovascular inflammation persisted. Marked hippocampal astrogliosis was evident in LCSFA-fed mice when compared to SAMP8 mice maintained on ordinary chow. Conclusion: The findings from this study support the notion that high-fat, potentially ketogenic diets, may confer neuroprotection in SAMP8 mice through a vascular-support axis.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Sep 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Chronic high fat feeding paradoxically attenuates cerebral capillary dysfunction and neurovascular inflammation in Senescence-Accelerated-Murine-Prone Strain 8 mice.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this