Choice of secondary prevention improves risk factors after acute coronary syndrome : 1-year follow-up of the CHOICE (Choice of Health Options In prevention of Cardiovascular Events) randomised controlled trial

J. Redfern, Tom Briffa, E. Ellis, S.B. Freedman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of a new CHOICE (Choice of Health Options In prevention of Cardiovascular Events) programme on cardiovascular risk factors in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) survivors.Design: Single-blind randomised controlled trial.Setting: Tertiary referral hospital in Sydney Australia.Patients: 144 ACS survivors who were not accessing standard cardiac rehabilitation. Data were also collected on a further 64 ACS survivors attending standard cardiac rehabilitation.Intervention: The CHOICE group (n = 72) participated in a brief, patient-centred, modular programme comprising a clinic visit plus telephone support, encompassing mandatory cholesterol lowering and tailored preferential risk modification. The control group (n = 72) participated in continuing conventional care but no centrally coordinated secondary prevention.Main outcome measures: Values for total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and physical activity.Results: CHOICE and control groups were well matched at baseline. At 12 months, the CHOICE group (n = 67) had significantly better risk factor levels than controls (n = 69) for total cholesterol (TC) (mean (SEM) 4.0 (0.1) vs 4.7 (0.1) mmol/l, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-475
JournalHeart
Volume95
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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