Children with nut allergies have impaired gene expression of Toll-like receptors pathway

Ashlyn Poole, Yong Song, Michael O'Sullivan, Khui Hung Lee, Jessica Metcalfe, Jing Guo, Helen Brown, Ben Mullins, Richard Loh, Guicheng Brad Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Trends in food allergies prompted investigation into the underlying mechanisms. Genetic and epigenetic factors are of high interest, and, in particular, the interplay between genes relating to immune factors directly and indirectly involved in food allergy pathogenesis. We sought to determine potential links between gene expression and epigenetic factors relating to Toll-like receptor (TLR) pathways and childhood food allergies. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, samples from 80 children with and without food allergies were analysed for gene expression, DNA methylation and a range of immune factors relating to TLR pathways. TLR2, TLR4, CD14, IL5, IL13 and vitamin D were explored. Results: The importance of these immune factors appeared to vary between the different types of food allergies. Expression of TLR2 (P <.001), TLR4 (P =.014) and CD14 (P =.028) varied significantly between children with no food allergy, allergy to nuts and peanuts, and allergy to eggs. DNA methylation in the promoter regions of these genes had a significant association with gene expression. These trends persisted when subjects were stratified by nut allergy vs no nut allergy. Furthermore, TLR2 (P =.001) and CD14 (P =.007) expressions were significantly lower in children with food allergies when compared to those without. Conclusion: Gene expression of TLR pathway genes was directly related to food allergy type, and DNA methylation had an indirect effect. TLR2 pathways are of significant interest in nut allergies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-677
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

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