Childhood Maltreatment and Early Developmental Vulnerabilities at Age 5 Years

Melissa J. Green, Stacy Tzoumakis, Brooke McIntyre, Maina Kariuki, Kristin R. Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Marilyn Chilvers, Felicity Harris, Merran Butler, Sally A. Brinkman, Vaughan J. Carr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Web of Science)


This study examined associations between maltreatment and early developmental vulnerabilities in a population sample of 68,459 children (Mage = 5.62 years, SD =.37) drawn from the Australian state of New South Wales, using linked administrative data for the children and their parents (collected 2001–2009). Associations were estimated between (a) any maltreatment, (b) the number of maltreatment types, and (c) the timing of first reported maltreatment and vulnerability and risk status on multiple developmental domains (i.e., physical, social, emotional, cognitive, and communication). Pervasive associations were revealed between maltreatment and all developmental domains; children exposed to two or more maltreatment types, and with first maltreatment reported after 3 years of age, showed greater likelihood of vulnerability on multiple domains, relative to nonmaltreated children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1599-1612
Number of pages14
JournalChild Development
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018


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