Childhood adversity and borderline personality disorder: a focus on adolescence

Elizabeth Newnham, Aleksandar Janca

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article explores recent research in the field of childhood exposure to trauma and the development of borderline personality disorder in adolescence.

RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescence is a critical period of development. Exposure to trauma, specifically sexual abuse, prior to and during puberty has specific implications for personality development and heightens risk for borderline personality disorder. Elevated symptom levels in adolescence are likely to decline across adulthood, but social and vocational impairments remain. Impulsivity, difficulties in emotion regulation, and suicidality may characterize adolescent expression of borderline personality disorder, whereas negative affect and functional impairment are more stable features of the disorder.

SUMMARY: Preliminary findings in treatment models for adults have potential for benefit among adolescence. Further research is required to examine treatment effectiveness and efficiency. Greater attention to low-income and middle-income nations, which are disproportionately affected by adversity, is needed to determine cross-cultural validity and the impact of trauma in adolescent populations. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-72
JournalCurrent Opinion in Psychiatry
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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Borderline Personality Disorder
Wounds and Injuries
Personality Development
Impulsive Behavior
Sex Offenses
Puberty
Research
Emotions
Efficiency
Health
Population

Cite this

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abstract = "PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article explores recent research in the field of childhood exposure to trauma and the development of borderline personality disorder in adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescence is a critical period of development. Exposure to trauma, specifically sexual abuse, prior to and during puberty has specific implications for personality development and heightens risk for borderline personality disorder. Elevated symptom levels in adolescence are likely to decline across adulthood, but social and vocational impairments remain. Impulsivity, difficulties in emotion regulation, and suicidality may characterize adolescent expression of borderline personality disorder, whereas negative affect and functional impairment are more stable features of the disorder. SUMMARY: Preliminary findings in treatment models for adults have potential for benefit among adolescence. Further research is required to examine treatment effectiveness and efficiency. Greater attention to low-income and middle-income nations, which are disproportionately affected by adversity, is needed to determine cross-cultural validity and the impact of trauma in adolescent populations. {\circledC} 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.",
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Childhood adversity and borderline personality disorder: a focus on adolescence. / Newnham, Elizabeth; Janca, Aleksandar.

In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 68-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Janca, Aleksandar

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AB - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article explores recent research in the field of childhood exposure to trauma and the development of borderline personality disorder in adolescence. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescence is a critical period of development. Exposure to trauma, specifically sexual abuse, prior to and during puberty has specific implications for personality development and heightens risk for borderline personality disorder. Elevated symptom levels in adolescence are likely to decline across adulthood, but social and vocational impairments remain. Impulsivity, difficulties in emotion regulation, and suicidality may characterize adolescent expression of borderline personality disorder, whereas negative affect and functional impairment are more stable features of the disorder. SUMMARY: Preliminary findings in treatment models for adults have potential for benefit among adolescence. Further research is required to examine treatment effectiveness and efficiency. Greater attention to low-income and middle-income nations, which are disproportionately affected by adversity, is needed to determine cross-cultural validity and the impact of trauma in adolescent populations. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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