Chickpea: Agronomy

K. H. M. Siddique, Lakshmanan Krishnamurthy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

Abstract

Chickpea ranks third among pulses in global production with its area expanding in Turkey, Canada, and Australia. Chickpea is broad in adaptation and is widely distributed with its production limited by several biotic and abiotic stresses. It fixes atmospheric nitrogen via a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium, which benefits both chickpea and its following crops. Moisture availability, temperature, and photoperiod suitability determine the sowing time for the best yield. Sowing rates range from 40 to 200 kg ha− 1 and sowing depth from 5 to 8 cm for the best yield. Application of mineral fertilizers results in marginal yield increases as chickpea is equipped for the acquisition of several minerals from nontraditional soil sources. Weed management is critical favoring the search for improved control measures and genetic sources of herbicide tolerance. The major diseases are Ascochyta blight, Fusarium wilt, root rots, rust, and Botrytis gray mold; the major pests are pod borers and leaf miners. Future genetic enhancements with greater resistance to key biotic and abiotic stresses and herbicides can further improve the sustainability in chickpea production.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food Grains
EditorsC. Wrigley, H. Corke, K. Seetharaman, J. Faubion
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford Academic Press
Pages216-222
Volume4
Edition2nd Edition
ISBN (Electronic)9780123947864
ISBN (Print)9780123944375
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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agronomy
biotic stress
abiotic stress
sowing
Ascochyta
leafminers
herbicide resistance
Botrytis
Fusarium wilt
root rot
sowing date
mineral fertilizers
blight
Rhizobium
pods
weed control
control methods
Turkey (country)
herbicides
photoperiod

Cite this

Siddique, K. H. M., & Krishnamurthy, L. (2016). Chickpea: Agronomy. In C. Wrigley, H. Corke, K. Seetharaman, & J. Faubion (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Food Grains (2nd Edition ed., Vol. 4, pp. 216-222). Oxford: Oxford Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394437-5.00192-3
Siddique, K. H. M. ; Krishnamurthy, Lakshmanan. / Chickpea: Agronomy. Encyclopedia of Food Grains. editor / C. Wrigley ; H. Corke ; K. Seetharaman ; J. Faubion. Vol. 4 2nd Edition. ed. Oxford : Oxford Academic Press, 2016. pp. 216-222
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Siddique, KHM & Krishnamurthy, L 2016, Chickpea: Agronomy. in C Wrigley, H Corke, K Seetharaman & J Faubion (eds), Encyclopedia of Food Grains. 2nd Edition edn, vol. 4, Oxford Academic Press, Oxford, pp. 216-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394437-5.00192-3

Chickpea: Agronomy. / Siddique, K. H. M.; Krishnamurthy, Lakshmanan.

Encyclopedia of Food Grains. ed. / C. Wrigley; H. Corke; K. Seetharaman; J. Faubion. Vol. 4 2nd Edition. ed. Oxford : Oxford Academic Press, 2016. p. 216-222.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapter

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Siddique KHM, Krishnamurthy L. Chickpea: Agronomy. In Wrigley C, Corke H, Seetharaman K, Faubion J, editors, Encyclopedia of Food Grains. 2nd Edition ed. Vol. 4. Oxford: Oxford Academic Press. 2016. p. 216-222 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394437-5.00192-3