Characterization of disease resistance genes in the Brassica napus pangenome reveals significant structural variation

Aria Dolatabadian, Philipp E Bayer, Soodeh Tirnaz, Bhavna Hurgobin, David Edwards, Jacqueline Batley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Methods based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), copy number variation (CNV) and presence/absence variation (PAV) discovery provide a valuable resource to study gene structure and evolution. However, as a result of these structural variations, a single reference genome is unable to cover the entire gene content of a species. Therefore, pangenomics analysis is needed to ensure that the genomic diversity within a species is fully represented. Brassica napus is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world and exhibits variability in its resistance genes across different cultivars. Here, we characterized resistance gene distribution across 50 B. napus lines. We identified a total of 1749 resistance gene analogs (RGAs), of which 996 are core and 753 are variable, 368 of which are not present in the reference genome (cv. Darmor-bzh). In addition, a total of 15 318 SNPs were predicted within 1030 of the RGAs. The results showed that core R-genes harbour more SNPs than variable genes. More nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes were located in clusters than as singletons, with variable genes more likely to be found in clusters. We identified 106 RGA candidates linked to blackleg resistance quantitative trait locus (QTL). This study provides a better understanding of resistance genes to target for genomics-based improvement and improved disease resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalPlant Biotechnology Journal
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Sep 2019

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Brassica napus
Disease Resistance
disease resistance
Genes
genes
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Genome
vpr Genes
genomics
Quantitative Trait Loci
genome
oilseed crops
Genomics
Leucine
single nucleotide polymorphism
leucine
binding sites
Nucleotides
quantitative trait loci
Binding Sites

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of disease resistance genes in the Brassica napus pangenome reveals significant structural variation",
abstract = "Methods based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), copy number variation (CNV) and presence/absence variation (PAV) discovery provide a valuable resource to study gene structure and evolution. However, as a result of these structural variations, a single reference genome is unable to cover the entire gene content of a species. Therefore, pangenomics analysis is needed to ensure that the genomic diversity within a species is fully represented. Brassica napus is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world and exhibits variability in its resistance genes across different cultivars. Here, we characterized resistance gene distribution across 50 B. napus lines. We identified a total of 1749 resistance gene analogs (RGAs), of which 996 are core and 753 are variable, 368 of which are not present in the reference genome (cv. Darmor-bzh). In addition, a total of 15 318 SNPs were predicted within 1030 of the RGAs. The results showed that core R-genes harbour more SNPs than variable genes. More nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes were located in clusters than as singletons, with variable genes more likely to be found in clusters. We identified 106 RGA candidates linked to blackleg resistance quantitative trait locus (QTL). This study provides a better understanding of resistance genes to target for genomics-based improvement and improved disease resistance.",
author = "Aria Dolatabadian and Bayer, {Philipp E} and Soodeh Tirnaz and Bhavna Hurgobin and David Edwards and Jacqueline Batley",
year = "2019",
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language = "English",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of disease resistance genes in the Brassica napus pangenome reveals significant structural variation

AU - Dolatabadian, Aria

AU - Bayer, Philipp E

AU - Tirnaz, Soodeh

AU - Hurgobin, Bhavna

AU - Edwards, David

AU - Batley, Jacqueline

PY - 2019/9/25

Y1 - 2019/9/25

N2 - Methods based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), copy number variation (CNV) and presence/absence variation (PAV) discovery provide a valuable resource to study gene structure and evolution. However, as a result of these structural variations, a single reference genome is unable to cover the entire gene content of a species. Therefore, pangenomics analysis is needed to ensure that the genomic diversity within a species is fully represented. Brassica napus is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world and exhibits variability in its resistance genes across different cultivars. Here, we characterized resistance gene distribution across 50 B. napus lines. We identified a total of 1749 resistance gene analogs (RGAs), of which 996 are core and 753 are variable, 368 of which are not present in the reference genome (cv. Darmor-bzh). In addition, a total of 15 318 SNPs were predicted within 1030 of the RGAs. The results showed that core R-genes harbour more SNPs than variable genes. More nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes were located in clusters than as singletons, with variable genes more likely to be found in clusters. We identified 106 RGA candidates linked to blackleg resistance quantitative trait locus (QTL). This study provides a better understanding of resistance genes to target for genomics-based improvement and improved disease resistance.

AB - Methods based on single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), copy number variation (CNV) and presence/absence variation (PAV) discovery provide a valuable resource to study gene structure and evolution. However, as a result of these structural variations, a single reference genome is unable to cover the entire gene content of a species. Therefore, pangenomics analysis is needed to ensure that the genomic diversity within a species is fully represented. Brassica napus is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world and exhibits variability in its resistance genes across different cultivars. Here, we characterized resistance gene distribution across 50 B. napus lines. We identified a total of 1749 resistance gene analogs (RGAs), of which 996 are core and 753 are variable, 368 of which are not present in the reference genome (cv. Darmor-bzh). In addition, a total of 15 318 SNPs were predicted within 1030 of the RGAs. The results showed that core R-genes harbour more SNPs than variable genes. More nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes were located in clusters than as singletons, with variable genes more likely to be found in clusters. We identified 106 RGA candidates linked to blackleg resistance quantitative trait locus (QTL). This study provides a better understanding of resistance genes to target for genomics-based improvement and improved disease resistance.

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DO - 10.1111/pbi.13262

M3 - Article

JO - Plant Biotechnology Journal

JF - Plant Biotechnology Journal

SN - 1467-7644

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