Characteristics of antidepressant medication users in a cohort of mid-age and older Australians

E. Paige, R.J. Korda, Anna Kemp-Casey, B. Rodgers, E. Banks

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9 Citations (Scopus)


© 2014 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists. Objectives: We aimed to investigate antidepressant use, including the class of antidepressant, in mid-age and older Australians according to sociodemographic, lifestyle and physical and mental health-related factors. Methods: Baseline questionnaire data on 111,705 concession card holders aged ≥45 years from the 45 and Up Study-a population-based cohort study from New South Wales, Australia-were linked to administrative pharmaceutical data. Current- and any-antidepressant users were those dispensed medications with Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification codes beginning N06A, within ≤6 months and ≤19 months before baseline, respectively; non-users had no antidepressants dispensed ≤19 months before baseline. Multinomial logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted relative risk ratios (aRRRs) for predominantly self-reported factors in relation to antidepressant use. Results: Some 19% of the study population (15% of males and 23% of females) were dispensed at least one antidepressant during the study period; 40% of participants used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) only and 32% used tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) only. Current antidepressant use was markedly higher in those reporting: severe versus no physical impairment (aRRR 3.86(95%CI 3.67-4.06)); fair/poor versus xcellent/very good self-rated health (4.04(3.83-4.25)); high/very high versus low psychological distress (7.22(6.81-7.66)); ever- versus never-diagnosis of depression by a doctor (18.85(17.9519.79)); low-dose antipsychotic use versus no antipsychotic use (12.26(9.8515.27)); and dispensing of ≥10 versus
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-290
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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