An in-situ large-scale underground blast test program was conducted to investigate stress wave characteristics inside the medium, at the soil-rock interface and on the soil ground surface. The stress wave measurements were made through a vertical borehole and a horizontal borehole inside the rock mass, and along several horizontal lines arranged at the rock-soil interface and on the soil surface. Three different charge weights of 0.5, 2.5 and 10 t with loading densities of 0.5, 2.5 and 10 kg/m(3), respectively, were used in the detonation. The measured stress wave time histories and their characteristic parameters, such as peak particle velocity (PPV) and peak particle acceleration (PPA), as well as the principal frequency (PF) at different locations are presented and analyzed in this paper. The results are also compared with those recorded from small-scale tests in a previous study and those from some other researchers, and the pertinent scale effects are discussed by observing differences of the stress wave intensities between the small-scale and the large-scale tests.
Wu, C., Lu, H., Hao, H., Lim, W. K., Zhou, Y., & Seah, C. C. (2003). Characterisation of underground blast-induced ground motions from large-scale field tests. Shock Waves, 13(3), 237-252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00193-003-0212-3