Changing Fate: Reprogramming Cells via Engineered Nanoscale Delivery Materials

Shiva Soltani Dehnavi, Zahra Eivazi Zadeh, Alan R. Harvey, Nicolas H. Voelcker, Clare L. Parish, Richard J. Williams, Roey Elnathan, David R. Nisbet

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The incorporation of nanotechnology in regenerative medicine is at the nexus of fundamental innovations and early-stage breakthroughs, enabling exciting biomedical advances. One of the most exciting recent developments is the use of nanoscale constructs to influence the fate of cells, which are the basic building blocks of healthy function. Appropriate cell types can be effectively manipulated by direct cell reprogramming; a robust technique to manipulate cellular function and fate, underpinning burgeoning advances in drug delivery systems, regenerative medicine, and disease remodeling. Individual transcription factors, or combinations thereof, can be introduced into cells using both viral and nonviral delivery systems. Existing approaches have inherent limitations. Viral-based tools include issues of viral integration into the genome of the cells, the propensity for uncontrollable silencing, reduced copy potential and cell specificity, and neutralization via the immune response. Current nonviral cell reprogramming tools generally suffer from inferior expression efficiency. Nanomaterials are increasingly being explored to address these challenges and improve the efficacy of both viral and nonviral delivery because of their unique properties such as small size and high surface area. This review presents the state-of-the-art research in cell reprogramming, focused on recent breakthroughs in the deployment of nanomaterials as cell reprogramming delivery tools.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2108757
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number33
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2022


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