Changes in specific protein degradation rates in Arabidopsis thaliana reveal multiple roles of Lon1 in mitochondrial protein homeostasis

Lei Li, Clark Nelson, Ricarda Fenske, Josua Trösch, Adriana Pružinská, A. Harvey Millar, Shaobai Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mitochondrial Lon1 loss impairs oxidative phosphorylation complexes and TCA enzymes and causes accumulation of specific mitochondrial proteins. Analysis of over 400 mitochondrial protein degradation rates using 15N labelling showed that 205 were significantly different between wild type (WT) and lon1-1. Those proteins included ribosomal proteins, electron transport chain subunits and TCA enzymes. For respiratory complexes I and V, decreased protein abundance correlated with higher degradation rate of subunits in total mitochondrial extracts. After blue native separation, however, the assembled complexes had slow degradation, while smaller subcomplexes displayed rapid degradation in lon1-1. In insoluble fractions, a number of TCA enzymes were more abundant but the proteins degraded slowly in lon1-1. In soluble protein fractions, TCA enzymes were less abundant but degraded more rapidly. These observations are consistent with the reported roles of Lon1 as a chaperone aiding the proper folding of newly synthesized/imported proteins to stabilise them and as a protease to degrade mitochondrial protein aggregates. HSP70, prohibitin and enzymes of photorespiration accumulated in lon1-1 and degraded slowly in all fractions, indicating an important role of Lon1 in their clearance from the proteome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-471
Number of pages14
JournalThe Plant Journal
Volume89
Issue number3
Early online date7 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

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