Changes in pulp blood flow and pulp sensibility resulting from surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion: A clinical study

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Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this work was to assess and compare changes in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp sensibility (PS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) and rapid orthopedic maxillary expansion (OME). Methods: Ten patients requiring SARME and 10 requiring OME had the pulp status of their maxillary incisors and canines assessed with the use of laser Doppler flowmetry, electric pulp testing (EPT), and CO 2 snow. The SARME group was assessed at T1-S (before surgery), T2-S (after surgery, before expansion), T3-S (after surgery, at completion of expansion), and T4-S (3 months after surgery). The OME group was assessed at T1-O (before expansion), T2-O (after rapid expansion), and T3-O (3 months after expansion commencement). Relationships between PBF/PS and the procedures, assessment times, and tooth types were evaluated. Results: In the SARME group, surgery did not cause significant (P ≥0.05) reduction in PBF, maxillary expansion did cause significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T4-S, and nonresponses to both EPT and CO 2 peaked at T2-S. In the OME group, rapid expansion caused significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T3-O, and all teeth responded to at least 1 of EPT or CO 2 at each assessment time. Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the study's limitations, it can be concluded that both SARME and OME induce reduction but not elimination of PBF to maxillary anterior teeth and therefore do not cause loss of pulp vitality; surgery for SARME does not significantly reduce PBF to maxillary anterior teeth, rather it is the process of maxillary expansion that significantly reduces PBF in SARME patients; and caution when using CO 2 and EPT tests alone to assess pulp status after SARME is warranted because the capacity for CO 2 or EPT to provide negative sensibility responses despite the presence of PBF was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-641
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume155
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

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Palatal Expansion Technique
Carbon Monoxide
Orthopedics
Tooth
Clinical Studies
Snow
Laser-Doppler Flowmetry

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title = "Changes in pulp blood flow and pulp sensibility resulting from surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion: A clinical study",
abstract = "Introduction: The aim of this work was to assess and compare changes in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp sensibility (PS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) and rapid orthopedic maxillary expansion (OME). Methods: Ten patients requiring SARME and 10 requiring OME had the pulp status of their maxillary incisors and canines assessed with the use of laser Doppler flowmetry, electric pulp testing (EPT), and CO 2 snow. The SARME group was assessed at T1-S (before surgery), T2-S (after surgery, before expansion), T3-S (after surgery, at completion of expansion), and T4-S (3 months after surgery). The OME group was assessed at T1-O (before expansion), T2-O (after rapid expansion), and T3-O (3 months after expansion commencement). Relationships between PBF/PS and the procedures, assessment times, and tooth types were evaluated. Results: In the SARME group, surgery did not cause significant (P ≥0.05) reduction in PBF, maxillary expansion did cause significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T4-S, and nonresponses to both EPT and CO 2 peaked at T2-S. In the OME group, rapid expansion caused significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T3-O, and all teeth responded to at least 1 of EPT or CO 2 at each assessment time. Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the study's limitations, it can be concluded that both SARME and OME induce reduction but not elimination of PBF to maxillary anterior teeth and therefore do not cause loss of pulp vitality; surgery for SARME does not significantly reduce PBF to maxillary anterior teeth, rather it is the process of maxillary expansion that significantly reduces PBF in SARME patients; and caution when using CO 2 and EPT tests alone to assess pulp status after SARME is warranted because the capacity for CO 2 or EPT to provide negative sensibility responses despite the presence of PBF was observed.",
author = "Steven Naoum and Mithran Goonewardene and Abbott, {Paul V.} and Kavindi Karunanayake and Charley Budgeon",
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journal = "American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in pulp blood flow and pulp sensibility resulting from surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion

T2 - A clinical study

AU - Naoum, Steven

AU - Goonewardene, Mithran

AU - Abbott, Paul V.

AU - Karunanayake, Kavindi

AU - Budgeon, Charley

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Introduction: The aim of this work was to assess and compare changes in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp sensibility (PS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) and rapid orthopedic maxillary expansion (OME). Methods: Ten patients requiring SARME and 10 requiring OME had the pulp status of their maxillary incisors and canines assessed with the use of laser Doppler flowmetry, electric pulp testing (EPT), and CO 2 snow. The SARME group was assessed at T1-S (before surgery), T2-S (after surgery, before expansion), T3-S (after surgery, at completion of expansion), and T4-S (3 months after surgery). The OME group was assessed at T1-O (before expansion), T2-O (after rapid expansion), and T3-O (3 months after expansion commencement). Relationships between PBF/PS and the procedures, assessment times, and tooth types were evaluated. Results: In the SARME group, surgery did not cause significant (P ≥0.05) reduction in PBF, maxillary expansion did cause significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T4-S, and nonresponses to both EPT and CO 2 peaked at T2-S. In the OME group, rapid expansion caused significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T3-O, and all teeth responded to at least 1 of EPT or CO 2 at each assessment time. Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the study's limitations, it can be concluded that both SARME and OME induce reduction but not elimination of PBF to maxillary anterior teeth and therefore do not cause loss of pulp vitality; surgery for SARME does not significantly reduce PBF to maxillary anterior teeth, rather it is the process of maxillary expansion that significantly reduces PBF in SARME patients; and caution when using CO 2 and EPT tests alone to assess pulp status after SARME is warranted because the capacity for CO 2 or EPT to provide negative sensibility responses despite the presence of PBF was observed.

AB - Introduction: The aim of this work was to assess and compare changes in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp sensibility (PS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) and rapid orthopedic maxillary expansion (OME). Methods: Ten patients requiring SARME and 10 requiring OME had the pulp status of their maxillary incisors and canines assessed with the use of laser Doppler flowmetry, electric pulp testing (EPT), and CO 2 snow. The SARME group was assessed at T1-S (before surgery), T2-S (after surgery, before expansion), T3-S (after surgery, at completion of expansion), and T4-S (3 months after surgery). The OME group was assessed at T1-O (before expansion), T2-O (after rapid expansion), and T3-O (3 months after expansion commencement). Relationships between PBF/PS and the procedures, assessment times, and tooth types were evaluated. Results: In the SARME group, surgery did not cause significant (P ≥0.05) reduction in PBF, maxillary expansion did cause significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T4-S, and nonresponses to both EPT and CO 2 peaked at T2-S. In the OME group, rapid expansion caused significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T3-O, and all teeth responded to at least 1 of EPT or CO 2 at each assessment time. Conclusions and clinical implications: Within the study's limitations, it can be concluded that both SARME and OME induce reduction but not elimination of PBF to maxillary anterior teeth and therefore do not cause loss of pulp vitality; surgery for SARME does not significantly reduce PBF to maxillary anterior teeth, rather it is the process of maxillary expansion that significantly reduces PBF in SARME patients; and caution when using CO 2 and EPT tests alone to assess pulp status after SARME is warranted because the capacity for CO 2 or EPT to provide negative sensibility responses despite the presence of PBF was observed.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.05.025

DO - 10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.05.025

M3 - Article

VL - 155

SP - 632

EP - 641

JO - American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics

JF - American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics

SN - 0889-5406

IS - 5

ER -