Cetacean sightings within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch

Susan E. Gibbs, Chandra P. Salgado Kent, Boyan Slat, Damien Morales, Leila Fouda, Julia Reisser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Here, we report cetacean sightings made within a major oceanic accumulation zone for plastics, often referred to as the ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’ (GPGP). These cetacean records occurred in October 2016 and were made by sensors and trained observers aboard a Hercules C-130 aircraft surveying the GPGP at 400 m height and 140 knots speed. Four sperm whales (including a mother and calf pair), three beaked whales, two baleen whales, and at least five other cetaceans were observed. Many surface drifting plastics were also detected, including fishing nets, ropes, floats and fragmented debris. Some of these objects were close to the sighted mammals, posing entanglement and ingestion risks to animals using the GPGP as a migration corridor or core habitat. Our study demonstrates the potential exposure of several cetacean species to the high levels of plastic pollution in the area. Further research is required to evaluate the potential effects of the GPGP on marine mammal populations inhabiting the North Pacific.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Biodiversity
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Apr 2019

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municipal solid waste
cetacean
whale
plastics
plastic
ropes
aircraft
knots
marine mammal
marine mammals
whales
sperm
surveying
sensors (equipment)
fishing
mammal
pollution
ingestion
calves
mammals

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Gibbs, Susan E. ; Salgado Kent, Chandra P. ; Slat, Boyan ; Morales, Damien ; Fouda, Leila ; Reisser, Julia. / Cetacean sightings within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. In: Marine Biodiversity. 2019.
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Cetacean sightings within the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. / Gibbs, Susan E.; Salgado Kent, Chandra P.; Slat, Boyan; Morales, Damien; Fouda, Leila; Reisser, Julia.

In: Marine Biodiversity, 09.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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