Aim To investigate trends in birth prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) overall and by gestational age, and examine the distribution of motor type, spastic topography, and severity using Australian CP Register data from 1995 to 2009. Method Prenatal and perinatal CP data were collated from state/territory CP registers. Birth prevalence estimates per 1000 live births and per 1000 neonatal survivors (NNS) were calculated in five epochs. Data from three state registers with population-level ascertainment were used to investigate birth prevalence trends by gestational age using Poisson regression. Distribution of motor type, spastic topography, and moderate to severe disability (IQ
Birth prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) differed but declined across Australian states (1995-2009). Australian CP birth prevalence declined significantly amongst children born before 28 weeks and those born at or after 37 weeks. The percentage of children with moderate to severe disability decreased.