Central nervous system lymphomas—Assessment and treatment and prevention of central nervous system relapse

Paola Ghione, Katharine L. Lewis, Sabela Bobillo, Laksmi Nayak, Elisabeth Schorb, Lucia Nichielli, Andrea Ng, Kerry J. Savage, Pam McKay, Loretta Nastoupil, Carole Soussain, Kate Cwynarski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In this review focused on lymphoma and the central nervous system (CNS), we summarize recent developments in the management of primary (PCNSL) and secondary CNS lymphoma (SCNSL), treatment of CNS lymphoma in the older population, the neuroradiological assessment of CNS lymphoma and finally highlight the ongoing debate on optimal CNS prophylaxis. The section on PCNSL focuses on the different approaches available for frontline treatment in Europe and the United States and discusses consolidation strategies. We then highlight available strategies to treat PCNSL in the elderly population, an area of unmet need. New therapies aiming at minimizing toxicity and prioritizing quality of life are emerging for these patients. Secondary CNS lymphoma, especially in the relapsed/refractory setting is another area of unmet need, and the efficacy of CAR-T cell therapy is being explored. We provide an overview of the imaging challenges in the neuroradiological assessment of CNS lymphoma. Finally, the section on CNS prophylaxis summarizes recent findings from large retrospective studies challenging the efficacy of present approaches to prophylaxis in higher-risk patients with lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHematological Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

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