Cellular immune responses to ovalbumin and house dust mite in egg-allergic children

T-W. Ng, Patrick Holt, Susan Prescott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although IgE-mediated food (egg) allergy is typically lost with age the underlying immune mechanisms are not understood, particularly in relation to the development of persistent IgE-mediated aeroallergen sensitivity.Methods: Lymphoproliferation and cytokine responses (IL-5, IL-10, IL-13 and IFN-gamma) to house dust mite (HDM) allergen and egg ovalbumin (OVA) were assessed using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from children aged 6 months to 5 years (n = 59) with acute IgE-mediated egg allergy (urticaria and angiedema or anaphylaxis), as confirmed by positive skin prick testing (SPT). Of these 46 had positive SPT on the day of blood collection and 13 had outgrown egg allergy (negative SPT and successful egg challenge). Where possible, responses were compared with previous data from nonallergic children of similar ages (n = 107).Results: Transient lymphoproliferative responses to OVA were seen in both egg-allergic and nonallergic children, but were more marked and more prolonged in egg-allergic children. Younger egg-allergic children (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-214
JournalAllergy
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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