Cellular and Molecular Mediators of Intestinal Fibrosis

Ian Lawrance, G. Rogler, G. Bamias, C. Breynaert, J. Florholmen, G. Pellino, S. Reif, S. Speca, G. Latella

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    53 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Intestinal fibrosis is a major complication of the inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) and although inflammation is necessary for its development, it would appear that it plays a minor role in its progression as anti-inflammatory treatments in IBD do not prevent fibrosis once it has started. The processes that regulate fibrosis would thus appear to be distinct from those regulating inflammation and, therefore, a detailed understanding of these pathways is vital to the development of anti-fibrogenic strategies. There have been several recent reviews exploring what is known, and what remains unknown, about the development of intestinal fibrosis. This review is designed to add to this literature but with a focus on the cellular components that are involved in the development of fibrogenesis and the major molecular mediators that impact on these cells. The aim is to heighten the understanding of the factors involved in intestinal fibrogenesis so that detailed research can be encouraged in order to advance the processes that could lead to effective treatments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1491–1503
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
    Volume11
    Issue number12
    Early online date2015
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

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