Cell membrane stability and chlorophyll content variation in wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes under conditions of heat and drought

S.U. Rehman, M. Bilal, R.M. Rana, M.N. Tahir, M.K.N. Shah, H. Ayalew, Guijun Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© CSIRO 2016.Heat and drought are among the major obstacles confronting crop production under climate change. The present study was conducted to evaluate 50 diverse wheat genotypes for cell membrane stability (CMS) and chlorophyll content at seedling and anthesis stages under heat and drought stress conditions, to understand the effect of the two abiotic factors and to find promising genotypes for future breeding. Experiments were conducted in the glasshouse (seedling stage) and the field (anthesis stage). Analysis of variance showed significant variation (P=0.05) for all of the traits at seedling and anthesis stages. High levels of broad-sense heritability and genetic advance at 5% selection intensity indicated the presence of a high genetic component of variation and potential for genetic improvement through selection among the existing genetic variation. CMS showed a significant positive correlation with 1000-grain weight (TGW) under heat and drought conditions at both seedling and anthesis stages. Chlorophyll a/b ratio at seedling stage exhibited a significant negative correlation (r=-0.39, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-718
Number of pages7
JournalCrop and Pasture Science
Volume67
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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