Causes of forest encroachment: An analysis of Bangladesh

M. S. Iftekhar, A. K Fazlul Hoque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Deforestation is a major cause of environmental degradation. Tropical countries with huge population pressure and widespread poverty are main frontier of deforestation. Bangladesh, being one the most densely populated country with diminishing tropical forestland, supports lowest per capita forestland. The forests are depleting mainly due to illegal logging and conversion to non-forestry uses. In this paper encroachment of forestland by individuals has been dealt with. The socioeconomic causes and pattern of encroachment have been analyzed. Limited land availability and unemployment have been identified as the major proximate causes of encroachment and, if no measures are adopted within next three decades the existing natural forests might be encroached.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-106
Number of pages12
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


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