Catheterization of the urethra in female pigs

G.C. Musk, Monika Zwierzchoniewska, Bulang He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. Female pigs are commonly utilized as an animal model for biomedical research and require urethral catheterization. Sixteen pigs were anaesthetized for research purposes and required the placement of a urethral catheter. Post-mortem examination of the vaginas revealed the urethral opening to be consistently halfway from the mucocutaneous junction of the vulva to the cervix. A shallow diverticulum was also observed on the ventral floor of the urethral opening. To optimize conditions for success the pig should be carefully positioned supine, a vaginal speculum and light source should be used, the pig should be adequately anaesthetized, and the anatomy of the vagina should be reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-348
JournalLaboratory Animals
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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