Catch reconstructions reveal that global marine fisheries catches are higher than reported and declining

Daniel Pauly, Dirk Zeller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

309 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fisheries data assembled by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) suggest that global marine fisheries catches increased to 86 million tonnes in 1996, then slightly declined. Here, using a decade-long multinational 'catch reconstruction'project covering the Exclusive Economic Zones of the world's maritime countries and the High Seas from 1950 to 2010, and accounting for all fisheries, we identify catch trajectories differing considerably from the national data submitted to the FAO. We suggest that catch actually peaked at 130 million tonnes, and has been declining much more strongly since. This decline in reconstructed catches reflects declines in industrial catches and to a smaller extent declining discards, despite industrial fishing having expanded from industrialized countries to the waters of developing countries. The differing trajectories documented here suggest a need for improved monitoring of all fisheries, including often neglected small-scale fisheries, and illegal and other problematic fisheries, as well as discarded bycatch.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10244
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

fisheries
Fisheries
agriculture
Agriculture
food
Trajectories
trajectories
Organizations
fishing
Food
Developed Countries
Developing countries
Oceans and Seas
Developing Countries
economics
coverings
Economics
Water
Monitoring
water

Cite this

@article{01c2c01c7edd41faa4f82fa1cbb65b85,
title = "Catch reconstructions reveal that global marine fisheries catches are higher than reported and declining",
abstract = "Fisheries data assembled by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) suggest that global marine fisheries catches increased to 86 million tonnes in 1996, then slightly declined. Here, using a decade-long multinational 'catch reconstruction'project covering the Exclusive Economic Zones of the world's maritime countries and the High Seas from 1950 to 2010, and accounting for all fisheries, we identify catch trajectories differing considerably from the national data submitted to the FAO. We suggest that catch actually peaked at 130 million tonnes, and has been declining much more strongly since. This decline in reconstructed catches reflects declines in industrial catches and to a smaller extent declining discards, despite industrial fishing having expanded from industrialized countries to the waters of developing countries. The differing trajectories documented here suggest a need for improved monitoring of all fisheries, including often neglected small-scale fisheries, and illegal and other problematic fisheries, as well as discarded bycatch.",
author = "Daniel Pauly and Dirk Zeller",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms10244",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group - Macmillan Publishers",

}

Catch reconstructions reveal that global marine fisheries catches are higher than reported and declining. / Pauly, Daniel; Zeller, Dirk.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 10244, 19.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Catch reconstructions reveal that global marine fisheries catches are higher than reported and declining

AU - Pauly, Daniel

AU - Zeller, Dirk

PY - 2016/1/19

Y1 - 2016/1/19

N2 - Fisheries data assembled by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) suggest that global marine fisheries catches increased to 86 million tonnes in 1996, then slightly declined. Here, using a decade-long multinational 'catch reconstruction'project covering the Exclusive Economic Zones of the world's maritime countries and the High Seas from 1950 to 2010, and accounting for all fisheries, we identify catch trajectories differing considerably from the national data submitted to the FAO. We suggest that catch actually peaked at 130 million tonnes, and has been declining much more strongly since. This decline in reconstructed catches reflects declines in industrial catches and to a smaller extent declining discards, despite industrial fishing having expanded from industrialized countries to the waters of developing countries. The differing trajectories documented here suggest a need for improved monitoring of all fisheries, including often neglected small-scale fisheries, and illegal and other problematic fisheries, as well as discarded bycatch.

AB - Fisheries data assembled by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) suggest that global marine fisheries catches increased to 86 million tonnes in 1996, then slightly declined. Here, using a decade-long multinational 'catch reconstruction'project covering the Exclusive Economic Zones of the world's maritime countries and the High Seas from 1950 to 2010, and accounting for all fisheries, we identify catch trajectories differing considerably from the national data submitted to the FAO. We suggest that catch actually peaked at 130 million tonnes, and has been declining much more strongly since. This decline in reconstructed catches reflects declines in industrial catches and to a smaller extent declining discards, despite industrial fishing having expanded from industrialized countries to the waters of developing countries. The differing trajectories documented here suggest a need for improved monitoring of all fisheries, including often neglected small-scale fisheries, and illegal and other problematic fisheries, as well as discarded bycatch.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955619870&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms10244

DO - 10.1038/ncomms10244

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 10244

ER -