Case Study: Extension of MSW landfill with reinforced earth berm

Xiaowen Zhou, Haoran Jiang, Mi Zhou, Yuxia Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper reports a case study of an extension design of an existing municipal solid waste (MSW) earth berm in Guangzhou, China. The berm has limited space for extension and was constructed during a rainy season. Due to the space constraint, the extended berm was designed with a steep slope 1.1 horizontal to 1.0 vertical (1.1H:1.0 V). Due to the rainy season, the new extended earth berm was built with a mix of gravel and sandy clay (i.e. Vgravel/Vclay = 50:50). To make the new berm design satisfies the stability requirement, it has been reinforced with geotextile layers within the berm and piles at the toe of the berm. A 2D finite-element analysis has been conducted to demonstrate the rationality of the design. The performance of the new berm was monitored using field sensors, which include the vertical and lateral displacements of the berm, vertical earth pressure of the berm, and tensile strain of the geotextile layers during and after the berm construction. Numerical and field tests results show that the failure surface appears along the interface between the old berm and the horizonal displacements are mainly observed in the new berm. The results of this study proven that a steep slope berm with geotextiles reinforcement can resistant the load from extended MSW landfill, which can provide a guidance for the design and construction of the extension of MSW landfill.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
JournalWaste Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023


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