Carboxymethylated Cage Amines: Coordination and Lactamization

P.S. Donnelly, J.M. Harrowfield, Brian Skelton, Allan White

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29 Citations (Scopus)


Depending upon the position and degree of substitution, carboxymethyl derivatives of cage amines of the "sarcophagine" (3,6,10,13,16,19-hexaazabicyclo[6.6.6]icosane) type vary considerably in the stability of their lactamized forms. For 1,8-diamino-3-carboxymethylsarcophagine, L-1, only indirect evidence for some involvement of a lactamized form of its Ni(II) complex has been obtained. Crystal structure determinations for [Cu(H2L1)]-(NO3)(3.5)Cl- and [Ni(HL1)]Cl-3. 3H(2)O show distorted octahedral coordination of all six endocyclic N-donor atoms in both cases. For related diaminosarcophagine derivatives with either two (1,8; L-2) or three (1,1,8; L-3) carboxymethyl substituents on the exocyclic N atoms, crystallographic studies have shown a dilactam form for the ligands in their Ni(II) and Cu(H) complexes which is of almost identical conformation to that of the diprotonated "free" ligand in [H2L3][ZnCl4]. 6H(2)O. The lactamized ligands appear to strongly favor square planar four-coordination, and the Co(II) complex of Ll shows a remarkable lack of reactivity toward oxygen. Kinetic studies indicate that the hydrolytic stability of the lactam rings is comparable to that of uncoordinated analogues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5645-5652
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2001


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