Carbon isotope discrimination is not correlated with transpiration efficiency in three cool-season grain legumes (pulses)

N.C. Turner, J.A. Palta, R. Shrestha, C. Ludwig, Kadambot Siddique, David Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The carbon isotope discrimination (delta C-13) of leaves has been shown to be correlated with the transpiration efficiency of leaves in a wide range of species. This has led to delta C-13 being used in breeding programs to select for improved transpiration efficiency. The correlation between 813 C and transpiration efficiency was determined under well-watered conditions during the vegetative phase in six genotypes of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus), six genotypes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and 10 cultivars of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Biomass (dry matter) accumulation and water use (transpiration) varied among the genotypes in all three species and transpiration efficiency was 40% to 75% higher in the most efficient compared with the least efficient genotypes. However, delta C-13 and transpiration efficiency were not significantly correlated in any of the species. This suggests that the delta C-13 technique cannot be used in selection for transpiration efficiency in the three grain legumes (pulses) studied.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1478-1483
JournalJournal of Integrative Plant Biology
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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Carbon Isotopes
Transpiration
Fabaceae
transpiration
isotopes
legumes
Genotype
Cicer
Lens Plant
carbon
Lupinus
genotype
Biomass
Breeding
Lupinus angustifolius
Lens culinaris
lentils
Cicer arietinum
Water
dry matter accumulation

Cite this

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title = "Carbon isotope discrimination is not correlated with transpiration efficiency in three cool-season grain legumes (pulses)",
abstract = "The carbon isotope discrimination (delta C-13) of leaves has been shown to be correlated with the transpiration efficiency of leaves in a wide range of species. This has led to delta C-13 being used in breeding programs to select for improved transpiration efficiency. The correlation between 813 C and transpiration efficiency was determined under well-watered conditions during the vegetative phase in six genotypes of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus), six genotypes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and 10 cultivars of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Biomass (dry matter) accumulation and water use (transpiration) varied among the genotypes in all three species and transpiration efficiency was 40{\%} to 75{\%} higher in the most efficient compared with the least efficient genotypes. However, delta C-13 and transpiration efficiency were not significantly correlated in any of the species. This suggests that the delta C-13 technique cannot be used in selection for transpiration efficiency in the three grain legumes (pulses) studied.",
author = "N.C. Turner and J.A. Palta and R. Shrestha and C. Ludwig and Kadambot Siddique and David Turner",
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pages = "1478--1483",
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Carbon isotope discrimination is not correlated with transpiration efficiency in three cool-season grain legumes (pulses). / Turner, N.C.; Palta, J.A.; Shrestha, R.; Ludwig, C.; Siddique, Kadambot; Turner, David.

In: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, Vol. 49, No. 10, 2007, p. 1478-1483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Palta, J.A.

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AU - Siddique, Kadambot

AU - Turner, David

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AB - The carbon isotope discrimination (delta C-13) of leaves has been shown to be correlated with the transpiration efficiency of leaves in a wide range of species. This has led to delta C-13 being used in breeding programs to select for improved transpiration efficiency. The correlation between 813 C and transpiration efficiency was determined under well-watered conditions during the vegetative phase in six genotypes of lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus), six genotypes of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and 10 cultivars of narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Biomass (dry matter) accumulation and water use (transpiration) varied among the genotypes in all three species and transpiration efficiency was 40% to 75% higher in the most efficient compared with the least efficient genotypes. However, delta C-13 and transpiration efficiency were not significantly correlated in any of the species. This suggests that the delta C-13 technique cannot be used in selection for transpiration efficiency in the three grain legumes (pulses) studied.

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