Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using Tri-Sodium Phosphate as an Effective Sorbent

Tushar Sakpal, Asheesh Kumar, Zachary M. Aman, Rajnish Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fossil fuels are dominant as an energy source, typically producing carbon dioxide (CO2) and enhancing global climate change. The present work reports the application of low-cost tri-sodium phosphate (TSP) to capture CO2 from model flue gas (CO2 + N-2) mixture, in a batch mode and fixed-bed setup. It is observed that TSP has a high CO2 capture capacity as well as high CO2 selectivity. At ambient temperature, TSP shows a maximum CO2 capture capacity of 198 mg CO2/g of TSP. Furthermore, the CO2 capture efficiency of TSP over a flue gas mixture was found to be more than 90%. Fresh and spent materials were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Preliminary experiments were also conducted to evaluate the performance of regenerated TSP. The spent TSP was regenerated using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and its recyclability was tested for three consecutive cycles. A conceptual prototype for post-combustion CO2 capture based on TSP material has also been discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2889
Number of pages16
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Cite this

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abstract = "Fossil fuels are dominant as an energy source, typically producing carbon dioxide (CO2) and enhancing global climate change. The present work reports the application of low-cost tri-sodium phosphate (TSP) to capture CO2 from model flue gas (CO2 + N-2) mixture, in a batch mode and fixed-bed setup. It is observed that TSP has a high CO2 capture capacity as well as high CO2 selectivity. At ambient temperature, TSP shows a maximum CO2 capture capacity of 198 mg CO2/g of TSP. Furthermore, the CO2 capture efficiency of TSP over a flue gas mixture was found to be more than 90{\%}. Fresh and spent materials were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Preliminary experiments were also conducted to evaluate the performance of regenerated TSP. The spent TSP was regenerated using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and its recyclability was tested for three consecutive cycles. A conceptual prototype for post-combustion CO2 capture based on TSP material has also been discussed.",
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Carbon Dioxide Capture from Flue Gas Using Tri-Sodium Phosphate as an Effective Sorbent. / Sakpal, Tushar; Kumar, Asheesh; Aman, Zachary M.; Kumar, Rajnish.

In: Energies, Vol. 12, No. 15, 2889, 01.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kumar, Asheesh

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AU - Kumar, Rajnish

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