Capturing the pulse: a state-of-the-art review on camera-based jugular vein assessment

Coen Arrow, Max Ward, Jason Eshraghian, Girish Dwivedi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heart failure is associated with a rehospitalisation rate of up to 50% within six months. Elevated central venous pressure may serve as an early warning sign. While invasive procedures are used to measure central venous pressure for guiding treatment in hospital, this becomes impractical upon discharge. A non-invasive estimation technique exists, where the clinician visually inspects the pulsation of the jugular veins in the neck, but it is less reliable due to human limitations. Video and signal processing technologies may offer a high-fidelity alternative. This state-of-the-art review analyses existing literature on camera-based methods for jugular vein assessment. We summarize key design considerations and suggest avenues for future research. Our review highlights the neck as a rich imaging target beyond the jugular veins, capturing comprehensive cardiac signals, and outlines factors affecting signal quality and measurement accuracy. Addressing an often quoted limitation in the field, we also propose minimum reporting standards for future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6470-6492
Number of pages23
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Volume14
Issue number12
Early online date28 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

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