Can immunohistochemistry serve as an alternative to subjective histopathological diagnosis of oral epithelial dysplasia?

Ahmad A Abdulmajeed, Camile S Farah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Many attempts have been made to identify objective molecular biomarkers to diagnose and prognosticate oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) because histopathological interpretation is subjective and lacks sensitivity. The majority of these efforts describe changes in gene expression at protein level in OED as determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC). However, the literature on these putative markers of oral cancer progression is vast and varied. The main purpose of this article is to review current knowledge on biomarkers of protein expression for OED by IHC approaches. We further discuss these findings in terms of the proposed essential hallmarks of cancer cells to better understand their role in oral oncogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalBiomarkers in cancer
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

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