Can genomics assist the phenological adaptation of canola to new and changing environments?

Matthew N. Nelson, J.M. Lilley, C. Helliwell, Candy M. Taylor, Kadambot H.M. Siddique, Sheng Chen, H. Raman, Jacqueline Batley, Wallace A. Cowling

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© CSIRO 2016. Timing of life history events (phenology) is a key driver for the adaptation of grain crops to their environments. Anthesis (flowering) date is the critical phenological stage that has been most extensively studied. Maximum crop yield is achieved by maximising the duration of the pre-anthesis biomass accumulation phase and hence yield potential, while minimising the risk of water stress and temperature stress (heat and cold) during flowering and grain-filling stages. In this article, we review our understanding of phenology of the valuable oilseed crop canola (oilseed rape, Brassica napus L.) from the perspectives of biophysical modelling and genetics. In conjunction, we review the genomic resources for canola and how they could be used to develop models that can accurately predict flowering date in any given set of environmental conditions. Finally, we discuss how molecular marker tools can help canola breeders to continue to improve canola productivity in the light of climate changes and to broaden its adaptation into new agricultural areas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-297
Number of pages14
JournalCrop and Pasture Science
Volume67
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2016

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canola
flowering
genomics
Brassica napus
phenology
oilseed crops
cold stress
grain crops
filling period
heat stress
crop yield
biomass production
water temperature
water stress
life history
climate change
environmental factors
genetic markers
duration

Cite this

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title = "Can genomics assist the phenological adaptation of canola to new and changing environments?",
abstract = "{\circledC} CSIRO 2016. Timing of life history events (phenology) is a key driver for the adaptation of grain crops to their environments. Anthesis (flowering) date is the critical phenological stage that has been most extensively studied. Maximum crop yield is achieved by maximising the duration of the pre-anthesis biomass accumulation phase and hence yield potential, while minimising the risk of water stress and temperature stress (heat and cold) during flowering and grain-filling stages. In this article, we review our understanding of phenology of the valuable oilseed crop canola (oilseed rape, Brassica napus L.) from the perspectives of biophysical modelling and genetics. In conjunction, we review the genomic resources for canola and how they could be used to develop models that can accurately predict flowering date in any given set of environmental conditions. Finally, we discuss how molecular marker tools can help canola breeders to continue to improve canola productivity in the light of climate changes and to broaden its adaptation into new agricultural areas.",
author = "Nelson, {Matthew N.} and J.M. Lilley and C. Helliwell and Taylor, {Candy M.} and Siddique, {Kadambot H.M.} and Sheng Chen and H. Raman and Jacqueline Batley and Cowling, {Wallace A.}",
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Can genomics assist the phenological adaptation of canola to new and changing environments? / Nelson, Matthew N.; Lilley, J.M.; Helliwell, C.; Taylor, Candy M.; Siddique, Kadambot H.M.; Chen, Sheng; Raman, H.; Batley, Jacqueline; Cowling, Wallace A.

In: Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. 67, No. 3-4, 29.03.2016, p. 284-297.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can genomics assist the phenological adaptation of canola to new and changing environments?

AU - Nelson, Matthew N.

AU - Lilley, J.M.

AU - Helliwell, C.

AU - Taylor, Candy M.

AU - Siddique, Kadambot H.M.

AU - Chen, Sheng

AU - Raman, H.

AU - Batley, Jacqueline

AU - Cowling, Wallace A.

PY - 2016/3/29

Y1 - 2016/3/29

N2 - © CSIRO 2016. Timing of life history events (phenology) is a key driver for the adaptation of grain crops to their environments. Anthesis (flowering) date is the critical phenological stage that has been most extensively studied. Maximum crop yield is achieved by maximising the duration of the pre-anthesis biomass accumulation phase and hence yield potential, while minimising the risk of water stress and temperature stress (heat and cold) during flowering and grain-filling stages. In this article, we review our understanding of phenology of the valuable oilseed crop canola (oilseed rape, Brassica napus L.) from the perspectives of biophysical modelling and genetics. In conjunction, we review the genomic resources for canola and how they could be used to develop models that can accurately predict flowering date in any given set of environmental conditions. Finally, we discuss how molecular marker tools can help canola breeders to continue to improve canola productivity in the light of climate changes and to broaden its adaptation into new agricultural areas.

AB - © CSIRO 2016. Timing of life history events (phenology) is a key driver for the adaptation of grain crops to their environments. Anthesis (flowering) date is the critical phenological stage that has been most extensively studied. Maximum crop yield is achieved by maximising the duration of the pre-anthesis biomass accumulation phase and hence yield potential, while minimising the risk of water stress and temperature stress (heat and cold) during flowering and grain-filling stages. In this article, we review our understanding of phenology of the valuable oilseed crop canola (oilseed rape, Brassica napus L.) from the perspectives of biophysical modelling and genetics. In conjunction, we review the genomic resources for canola and how they could be used to develop models that can accurately predict flowering date in any given set of environmental conditions. Finally, we discuss how molecular marker tools can help canola breeders to continue to improve canola productivity in the light of climate changes and to broaden its adaptation into new agricultural areas.

U2 - 10.1071/CP15320

DO - 10.1071/CP15320

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VL - 67

SP - 284

EP - 297

JO - Crop & Pasture Science

JF - Crop & Pasture Science

SN - 1836-0947

IS - 3-4

ER -