Can angiographic Flat Detector Computed Tomography blood volume measurement be used to predict final infarct size in acute ischemic stroke?

Thijs van der Zijden, Annelies Mondelaers, Caroline Loos, Maurits Voormolen, Caro Franck, Maarten Niekel, Thomas Jardinet, Thomas Van Thielen, Olivier d'Archambeau, Tomas Menovsky, Paul M. Parizel

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: Flat detector computed tomography (FD-CT) technology is becoming more widely available in the angiography suites of comprehensive stroke centers. In patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), who are referred for endovascular therapy (EVT), FD-CT generates cerebral pooled blood volume (PBV) maps, which might help in predicting the final infarct area. We retrospectively analyzed pre- and post-recanalization therapy quantitative PBV measurements in both the infarcted and hypoperfused brain areas of AIS patients referred for EVT.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included AIS patients with large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation referred for EVT from primary stroke centers to our comprehensive stroke center. The pre- and post-recanalization FD-CT regional relative PBV (rPBV) values were measured between ipsilateral lesional and contralateral non-lesional areas based on final infarct area on post EVT follow-up cross-sectional imaging. Statistical analysis was performed to identify differences in PBV values between infarcted and non-infarcted, recanalized brain areas.

RESULTS: We included 20 AIS patients. Mean age was 63 years (ranging from 36 to 86 years). The mean pre- EVT rPBV value was 0.57 (±0.40) for infarcted areas and 0.75 (±0.43) for hypoperfusion areas. The mean differences (Δ) between pre- and post-EVT rPBV values for infarcted and hypoperfused areas were respectively 0.69 (±0.59) and 0.69 (±0.90). We found no significant differences (p > 0.05) between pre-EVT rPBV and ΔrPBV values of infarct areas and hypoperfusion areas.

CONCLUSION: Angiographic PBV mapping is useful for the detection of cerebral perfusion deficits, especially in combination with the fill run images. However, we were not able to distinguish irreversibly infarcted tissue from potentially salvageable, hypoperfused brain tissue based on quantitative PBV measurement in AIS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110650
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

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