Ca. 815 Ma intra-plate granitoids and mafic dykes from Emeishan pluton in the western Yangtze Block, SW China: A record of rifting during the breakup of Rodinia

Hao Zou, Yang Li, Chang Cheng Huang, Nuru Said, Xiu Wei Jiang, Hang Liu, Min Li, Hai Feng Chen, Chun Mei Liu, Zhong Wu Lan

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Abstract

The western Yangtze Block, South China is characterized by voluminous Neoproterozoic extension-related volcano-sedimentary sequences and intrusions (e.g. Emeishan granitoid intrusion) and spatially associated mafic dykes. The origin and tectonic setting of Emeishan granitoid intrusion and mafic dykes in the Yangtze Block is poorly study. Understanding the origin and geodynamic setting of dykes and granitoid intrusion are significant in deciphering thermal structure and composition of mantle, tectonic evolution as well as crustal growth processes in the Yangtze Block. SIMS Zircon U–Pb dating of Emeishan granitoid intrusion and mafic dykes suggests that the granitoids (ca. 818 Ma) and mafic dykes (ca. 814 Ma) are contemporaneous. Compositionally, the Emeishan granitoids are restricted and characterized by high SiO2 (69.11–70.50 wt%), Na2O + K2O (3.52–4.13%) and Al2O3 (14.16–14.47%), but low CaO (1.78–2.03%), MgO (0.72–0.91%) contents. They feature strong LREE-enrichment (La/YbN = 7.2–12.3) in conjunction with negative Eu anomalies. The mafic dykes have low SiO2 (48.09–48.65 wt%), K2O (1.94–2.12 wt%) and Na2O (1.64–1.75 wt%) contents, and high Mg# (61.67–62.26). On primitive mantle-normalized trace element plot, they are characterized by enrichment of LILEs and depletion of HFSEs. Both the mafic dykes and granitoids record similar zircon εHf(t) values (+2.2 to +12.1, +1.4 to +6.8), and zircon δ18O values (4.47‰ and 10.41‰, 4.49‰ and 12.05‰, respectively). The rifting-related geochemical signature of the Emeishan pluton and contemporaneous margin and intra-plate plume-related magmatism suggest that they were derived from mantle melting in extensional tectonic setting during mid-Neoproterozoic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106569
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume371
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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